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German Nazi dictator during World War II (1889-1945), Nazi leader and founder; had over 6 million Jews assassinated during the Holocaust

Nurenberg Trials

Trials of Nazi war criminals in 1946-47 in Nurenberg

Cordell Hull

sec of state, believed trade was a two way street, passed the Reciprocal Trade Agreements act


Russian leader who succeeded Lenin as head of the Communist Party and created a totalitarian state by purging all opposition (1879-1953); USSR dictator

Benito Mussolini

Fascist dictator of Italy (1922-1943). He led Italy to conquer Ethiopia (1935), joined Germany in the Axis pact (1936), and allied Italy with Germany in World War II. He was overthrown in 1943 when the Allies invaded Italy.

Francisco Franco

Fascist leader of the Spanish revolution, helped by Hitler and Mussolini; america allowed him to buy arms to stay out of the spanish civil war

Winston Churchill

British statesman and leader during World War II

Charles Lindbergh

United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974); isolationist orator after murder of his infant son

Wendell Wilkie

Presidential candidate who criticized the New Deal and a third presidential term; magnetic personality


Equal mutual rights and benefits granted and enjoyed.


a form of government in which the ruler is an absolute dictator (not restricted by a constitution or laws or opposition etc.)


a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations; aka America in WWII

good neighbor policy

FDR's foreign policy of promoting better relations w/Latin America by using economic influence rater than military force in the region

reciprocal trade agreement act

designed to lift US export trade from the depression, relief/recovery, reversed the traditional high protective tariff policy

nazi party

the political party founded in Germany in 1919 and brought to power by Hitler in 1933

nye committee

investigated arms manufacturers and bankers of World War I. Claimed they had caused America's entry into WWI. Public opinion pushed Congress to pass the Neutrality Acts to keep us out of WWII.

neutrality acts

when the prez proclaimed the existence of a foreign war, certain restrictions go into affect. Basically, they made it so citizens/US could not get involved; 4 laws passed in the late 1930s that were designed to keep the US out of international incidents

Nazi-Soviet nonaggression pact

pact between Russia and Soviet, pledged neutrality by either party if the other were attacked by a third party.

"cash and carry"

European democracies could buy arms and war materials only if they paid cash and transported the arms themselves

Phony War

was a phase in early World War II marked by few military operations in Continental Europe, in the months following the German invasion of Poland and preceding the Battle of France. Although the great powers of Europe had declared war on one another, neither side had yet committed to launching a significant attack, and there was relatively little fighting on the ground

america first committee

A committee organized by isolationists before WWII, who wished to spare American lives. They wanted to protect America before we went to war in another country. Charles A. Lindbergh (the aviator) was its most effective speaker.

Lend-Lease act

"send guns, not sons"; send a limitless supply of arms to victims of aggression

Atlantic Charter

Roosevelt & Churchills secret conferences- 8 pt. document

London Economic Conference

66 nations to address world- wide economic problems . FDR backs out. criticized foreign nations' efforts to stabilize currency

Tydings-McDuffie Act

freed the Philippines


a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.

Quarantine Speech

speech by roosevelt -incited by alarming behavior of Italy and Japan; called to "quarantine" aggressors

Battle of Britain

an aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German Luftwaffe (air force), which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.

Royal Air Force

the airforce of Great Britain

Destroyer Deal

1940 - U.S. agreed to "lend" its older destroyers to Great Britain. Signaled the end of U.S. neutrality in the war.

Pearl Harbor

United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.

Johnson Debt Default Act

people who already borrowed and still owed money to the US could not borrow anymore

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