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Terms in this set (27)

-Jack's presents hidden savagery in everyone's heart
-"a stain in the darkness, a stain that was Jack" ; portrays fatal flaw in human kindness that is hidden by society
-noun "stain" has connotations of irremovable and constant
-Jack was the spark which ignited the boys in savagery
-Jack selfish and insensitivity nature to the 'littuns' proves his narcissistic thoughts that control him and this insensitive nature rubs off on the the other older boys
-although Roger is the most evil character with a sadistic streak and he would go further than Jack, being the first character to descend into savagery which could have rubbed off onto Jack ; "You don't know Roger. He's a terror" = maybe Roger reflects evil characters in society which bring out the worst in people as it could be interpreted that he helped Jack's downfall
-Golding shows that civilization is the only thing holding them back from full savagery; "Kill the beast! Cut his throat! Spill his blood!" (Chapter 9) = monosyllabic language represents their primitive language and decent from civilization by only using simple short sentences. Jacks development from denying the beast exist to joining shows the complete downfall of him. "kill", "cut", "spill" this shows us the boys did more than what was necessary and they enjoy killing.
-Golding foreshadows his downfall with the structure, "Jack planned his new face" = adjective "new" has connotations of improvement in people although this is juxtaposed by Jack's new character which is an evil, narcissistic nature. This may reflect the contrast between the 'old ' life and 'new' life and the stark contrast between them
-by Jack covering his face he becomes more animistic as animals use camouflage to hunt. It shows the devolution of the boys in parallel to the increase in savagery
-the conch represents democracy which Ralph started
-Ralph being the first character represents democracy and holds an election, he has a fair attitude giving Jack vice; "eye that proclaimed no evil" shows Ralph's openness and clarity representing the basis of democracy
-Jacks totalitarian type leadership is prevalent from the start ; "I sing in C sharp. I should be leader"
-When Jack and his boys are first seen they are called "the creature" reflecting Jack's type of leadership where you are all one equal although if you can't keep up you are finished. Could be a metaphor for how dictators and Jack make everyone look and think they way they want no compromise. The lack of compromise from Jack's choose type of leadership is presented in the way the boys say Jack "controlled" them, showing someone who is unwilling to compromise. Jack "blush of mortification" after losing the vote shows his aggressive, narcissistic nature from the start, being horrified as he wasn't chosen. The powerful noun of "mortification" could reflect his feelings towards Ralph from this point on, his hatred for him but also foreshadow his later descent. Golding uses Jack as the opposition to democracy however presents it in a negative light, implying democracy is better
-this novel could also be used to show the unnatural nature of democracy and maybe the real life foreshadowing he predicts of the downfall of democracy. With the potential nuclear war at the time the untimely downfall of democracy was a very real possibility
-the flaws in the democratic system was prevalent throughout this novel; with the littun's rarely pulling their weight and Jack's hidden anger throughout
-Jacks approach similar to the Nazi's, leaving the weak behind, scared many people as it was a possibility that that might happen at the time of this book being written
-Jack's interestingly uses the beast throughout to control everyone, using fear to control everyone
-Golding unhappy with public-school attitude that firm discipline was best means of turning children into young adults, exploring this idea of lack of discipline throughout = no adults (by removing them the author sets free the impulses and desires of the school boys), Jacks first wrecks Ralph's sensible plans, then become tyrant and then a murderer and Piggy the sensible one is finally killed. Although doesn't this emphasis the very need for firm discipline?No = Piggy and Ralph's initial self-discipline works when people respected an listened to them, the conch brought democracy and discipline and the difficulties only arises when the powerful Jack revolted showing the cruel nature of his personality
-Golding does this contrast to show discipline needs to be in the middle giving freedom but rules, allowing children to mature at their rate and be creative although not destructive
-it is a subtle criticism of the too firm nature schools have on children
-Jacks lack of discipline and self-control is shown throughout, in reply to giving Piggy's glasses back Jack replies "Got to?Who says?" (Ch 11); showing Jack lacks the compassion and sympathy other boys have
-the contrast of the types of order between Democratic Ralph and the dictator type of Jack reflect the conflict of the wider world, Golding explore both the positive and negative aspects pf the type of control and discipline each method chooses and it implies democracy i theory is better however unsustainable. By allowing Jack to take control through force is reflect the fears of the people at the time that a dictator type leadership would control UK or the world.
-the irrational thinking of Jack prevalent from the start reflects his incapability of being leader, "I sing in C sharp. I should be leader" although this is juxtaposed by his powerful presence and his strong orating skills allow him to gain trust through fear from the boys. This form of discipline, the form of power through fear, as explained was one Golding criticized schools for doing however it's shown to work and we know it does through the real-life example of Hitler
-the ultimate aim of leaving the island is quickly forgotten by Jack who is too enthralled by the idea of catching a Pig (letting the fire go out as he need extra boys to find the pig), this lack of long term thinking from Jack shows again his incapability to be chief but also his aggressive nature of discipline as he scares children to follow him and not Ralph's order's
-Leadership = presented as the civilized, fair leader which Golding shows later as open to corruption, "fair boy" this early description of him reflects his democratic style which is shown at the start, "most powerfully, there was a conch" - links Ralph's symbol of the conch to overriding power and Ralph's control and power he has at the start, "Jack and Ralph smiled at each other with shy liking" - shows there respects for each other although mutual intimidation from the outset
-Ralph's civilized nature is challenged but he largely remains true to his original idea's with the conch and Piggy to guide him,"The desire to squeeze and hurt was over-mastering" shows us even Ralph has the capacity to be evil when caught in the moment, use of strong verbs shows Ralph's strength as a character
-"It was an accidentally"- denying the essential evil in even that forced Ralph to join in on Simon's killing shows even he is trying to remains innocent although evil is too powerful, this portrays the theme of the presence of evil in everyone
-"They were savages it was true, but they were humans" - Ralph's humanity is not lost at the end, he still see the importance in forgiveness and understanding. Golding uses this to show everyone makes mistakes and is evil although the important thing is to forgive and try and understand them, again subtly expressing the great qualities Ralph holds as a leader
-the cyclical nature of Ralph's character from civilized to swaying towards evil back to civilized portrays the message about the "darkness in man's heart" and the ability for anyone to do evil although the change afterwards is more important and that's what will save humanity. The injustice the protagonist experiences throughout reflects the overriding force of evil in us which will result in our downfall; Golding emphasis s this to encourage the reader to learn from the injustices faced in our world and the result of them (WW2)

-"there was a mildness about his mouth and his mouth and that proclaimed no evil"
-"They'll see our smoke"
-"new understanding Piggy had given him"
-"Don't you understand Piggy? The things we did" (willing to share the blame take responsibility)
-only get saved by the sailor
-he is presented as defenseless and weak and acts as the vulnerable side of humanity. He needs Ralph to portray his idea's
-he is victimized to show the injustice within society
-"on account of my asthma" = he is inferior to the other boys in something as necessarily as breathing, we learn this before his name, showing vulnerability is more important to his character
-"I can hardly see!" =again showing his vulnerability, metaphorically he relies upon them for mental clarity
-"what intelligence has been shown was traceable to Piggy" = his only strength is his superior intelligence but his is unable to articulate himself
-"talisman, the fragile shinning beauty of the shell" - this displays Piggy's admiration for the conch and symbol of civilization. This links him to the theme of civilization which makes him vulnerable again
-Piggy's unforgiving death reveals to the reader how far the boys have gone
-"the conch exploded into a thousand white fragment and ceased to exist" = Golding chooses to destroy Piggy and the conch simultaneously reveals the connotations to civilizations and to revel the true savagery in the other boys
-"the true, wise friend called Piggy" = Golding reveals the positives of Piggy's character in the wake of his death
-continually facing discrimination and cruelty at the hand of the savages. The relentless bullying shows "mankind's essential illness" and the way it infects every boy on the island.
-Golding is able to express the injustice of the killing of civilians he witnessed during his role in WW2

-"He was shorter than the fair boy and very fat"
-"Piggy was an outsider "
-"them that haven't no common sense"
-"make a small hot fire and out green branches on it to make smoke" (rational thoughts)
-First reference form Piggy tho says the beast is a "snake thin. Ever so big"
-image immediately has connotations of evil but also of the serpent in Genesis (the deceitful nature of the serpent)
-it isn't initially clear why they are afraid although Piggy is keen to find out a little'un "saw it"
-the unknown beast makes the boys scared as there imagination substitutes fear for facts
-Golding tie's the idea of suspicion and fear with the suspicion and fear of the people at the time due to the Cold war

-uses structure to show the deterioration of they boys morals
-Jack "toothless" head of sow given as a "gift" to the beast shows the very realization that the boys feel the beast is more powerful than them
-also as the boys never realize its a dead parachutist it allows Golding to explore the darker more evil side of the boys
-Golding revisits the head f the sow to emphasizes the deterioration (when Simon hallucinates and when Ralph is being hunted)

-the beast is used to facilitate the darkest moment in the novel ; Simon's death
-"Kill the beast!Cut his throat! Spill his blood!" = primitive deterioration of language parallel to the devolution in savagery
-Simon's depth of understanding was never heard as Golding creates a chilling ton when he describes his murder; "tearing of tooth and claws"
-this definite moral decline has happened from where there is no return

-Jack is insistent that the beast isn't dead as he "squirms" when they boys ask if they killed the beast
-Jacks "squirms" as he know he has no control over his savages is they believe they have been liberated from the beast.
-"squirm" has connotations of a snake linking back to Chapter 1, reflecting the evil in Jack's heart has propelled him to be deceitful and become chief
-by insisting the beast is not dead, "How could we kill it?", he established the need for him to be "proper chief" and also diminishes the boys power

-Golding uses the beast to provide fear and maybe point the finger at opportunistic governments in the wider world