41 terms

Megacities

Qualifying Problem
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Terms in this set (...)

agrarian or agricultural
cultivating crops and raising livestock
barrio
urban district in a Spanish-speaking country
biodiversity
the number and variety of organisms found within a specified area
brown agenda
concerns about toxic pollution, poor sanitation, and human health
brownfield
urban planning term for previously developed land; may be contaminated and require cleanup
built environment
human-made surroundings; homes, buildings, cities, etc.
compact city
urban planning concept stressing higher density, mixed-use neighborhoods, pedestrian-friendliness, and efficient public transportation
carbon footprint
the amount of greenhouse gases and carbon dioxide emitted during a period of time
conurbation
two or more metropolitan areas that converge
demographer
one who studies the characteristics of human populations
economies of scale, diseconomies of scale
gets more or less efficient as size or volume increases
entrepreneur
businessman or businesswoman
exurbia
prosperous residential area beyond the suburbs of a city
favelas
Brazilian slums
green agenda
promoting environmental sustainability
green space or greenspace
protected natural and ecological resource(s)
greenfield
urban planning term for land which has never been developed
habitat fragmentation
reduction of total area of the habitat, decrease of the interior edge ration, isolation from other areas of the habitat, decrease in average size of each patch of the habitat, and breaking up a patch of a habitat into smaller patches
hard infrastructure
physical assets such as roads, power, and water systems
hunter-gatherers
those who hunt game and forage (collect plant foods) rather than grow crops
hypercities
cities with populations over 20 million; also called metacities
informal housing
makeshift housing occupied by squatters
Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
internet, wireless networks, cell phones, and other communication mediums
"soft" infrastructure
institutions such as banks, emergency services, government, health care systems, law enforcement, schools, etc.
"hard" infrastructure
water supply, sanitation, waste management, roads, power, public transportation, communications, etc.
megacities
cities with populations over 10 million
megaregion
a large network of metropolitan regions which share all or several of the following: environmental systems and topography, infrastructure, economic linkages, land use patterns, culture and history
metacities
cities with populations over 20 million; also called hypercities
mixed-use
area zoned for commercial and residential use
New Urbanism
an urban design movement which promotes walkable neighborhoods that contain a range of housing and job types
non-point source pollution
pollution discharged over a wide area rather than one specific location
paradox of intensification
higher density cities can improve the global environment at the expense of worsened local conditions
rural migration
shift of population to urban areas
shantytown
makeshift housing occupied by squatters; also called informal housing
slums
run-down area of a city characterized by substandard housing and squalor
squalor
filthiness and degradation from neglect or poverty
squatters
residents without legal title to the land on which they live
subsistence farming
farming that provides for the basic needs of the farmer with little or no left-over for marketing
urban
related to or located in a city
water-borne diseases
leading cause of disease and death around the world, mostly young children; usually caused by water sources contaminated by raw sewage
water footprint
total volume of water that is used to produce the goods and services, along with the effects of pollution by wastewater