a system where landowners allowed tenants to use their land in return for a portion of the crops.
tenure of office act
said that the president couldn't remove anyone from office appointed by a previous president without the approval of the senate.
compromise of 1877
an informal deal that settled the dispute of the1876 election and allowed Hayes to become president.
a period in US history after the civil war and involved rebuilding the south between 1865 and 1877.
civil rights act of 1866
a piece of federal legislation that gave the rights to freed slaves after the civil war.
a lawyer and politician of the civil war and reconstruction era who was appointed attorney general and secretary of state.
jim crow laws
state laws passed between 1876 and 1965 that created "separate but equal" facilities for blacks.
Favored tariff reform and social reform, major issues from the Democratic and Republican parties. They did not seem to be dedicated members of either party.
civil service act of 1883
a federal law that ended the spoil system by establishing the US civil service commission with competitive exams.
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons, he invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties. He nearly brought down Boss Tweed.
A political boss who carried corruption to new extremes, and cheated the city out of more than $100 million.
credit mobilier scandal
sold discounted stocks to congressman and used the position in the government to cover the inflation.
plessy v. ferguson
US supreme court case that stated that racial segregation was constitutional if it was equal.
an American financier that was partnered with James Fisk in tampering with the railroad stocks for personal profit He, like other railroad kings, controlled the lives of the people more than the president did and pushed the way to cooperation among the kings where they developed techniques such as pooling.
a party created to oppose the reelection of Grant and his radical republican supporters.
a newspaper editor and creator of the liberal republican party, he tried to fight the corruption of president Grant.
american financier that merged the Edison and Thomson-Houston to created General Electrics and Carnegie Steel and Federal Steel to make the US Steel Company.
NY politician that was a remember of the house reps and the senate and was the leader of the stalwart republicans.
the 22nd and 24th president of the US and was the only democrat in the era of republican domination 1860 and 1912.
an american stock broker who fought for control of the Erie railway and worked with jay gould.
james b. blaine
speaker of the house and US senator who fought for the half breeds and was a dominant republican.
an organization of veterans of the union army that was first interest group of the american politics.
"waving the bloody shirt"
a phrase used to describe using the blood of the martyrs or heroes to avoid criticism.
civil rights act of 1875
a federal law that aid everyone regardless of race or color was entitled to equal treatment in public areas.
chinese exclusion act
federal law by president Arthur that suspended the immigration of the chinese.
the 23rd president of the US, preceded and succeeded by cleveland, passed the mckinley act and sherman antitrust act.
a political party from 1884 to 1908 derived of western farmers and opposed the gold standard.
populist platform of 1892
the party program of the populist party in omaha, nebraska held on july 4th, 1892.
sherman silver purchase act
a federal law that increased the amount of silver in the government purchased.
cross of gold speech
speech given by william jennings bryan at the democratic national convention that was in favor of bimetallism.
political activist in favor of Cleveland in 1884 and switched parties because of corruption.
ku klux klan
a hate group in the US that works to protect the rights of white Americans by terrorism, violence, and lynching.
a political group in southern US the wanted to get rid of republican freedmen, scalawags, and carpetbaggers.