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Types of Poetry
A list of types of poetry and their definitions.
Terms in this set (44)
Poetry in which certain letters, usually the first in each line form a word or message when read in a sequence.
A poem that tells a story similar to a folk tail or legend which often has a repeated refrain.
Poetry which has three stanzas of seven, eight or ten lines and a shorter final stanza of four or five. All stanzas end with the same one line refrain.
A poem written in un-rhymed iambic pentameter and is often unobtrusive.
Poetry that treats a serious subject as humor.
Medieval Italian lyric style poetry with five or six stanzas and a shorter ending stanza.
Poetry with five lines. Line 1 has one word (the title). Line 2 has two words that describe the title. Line 3 has three words that tell the action. Line 4 has four words that express the feeling, and line 5 has one word which recalls the title.
Poetry which holds the principles and ideals of beauty that are characteristic of Greek and Roman art, architecture, and literature.
A couplet has rhyming stanzas made up of two lines.
A type of poem which is spoken to a listener. The speaker addresses a specific topic while the listener unwittingly reveals details about him/herself.
A sad and thoughtful poem about the death of an individual.
An extensive, serious poem that tells the story about a heroic figure.
A very short, ironic and witty poem usually written as a brief couplet or quatrain.
A commemorative inscription on a tomb or mortuary monument written to praise the deceased.
A poem written in honor of the bride and groom.
Poetry written in either rhyme or un-rhymed lines that have no set fixed metrical pattern.
A short lyrical poem that arose in Urdu. It is between 5 and 15 couplets long. Each couplet contains its own poetic thought but is linked in rhyme that is established in the first couplet and continued in the second line of each pair. The lines of each couplet are equal in length. Themes are usually connected to love and romance. The closing signature often includes the poet's name or allusion to it.
A Japanese poem composed of three un-rhymed lines of five, seven, and five syllables, usually containing a season word.
Short lyric poem written in two or four-line stanzas, each with its the same metrical pattern, often addressed to a friend and deal with friendship, love and the practice of poetry. It is named after its creator, Horace.
One short syllable followed by one long one, repeated five times in a row. Example: la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH la-LAH
Poetry that either depicts a peaceful, idealized country scene or a long poem telling a story about heroes of a bye gone age.
Irregular (Pseudo-Pindaric or Cowleyan) Ode
Neither the three part form of the pindaric ode nor the two or four-line stanza of the Horatian ode. It is characterized by irregularity of verse and structure and lack of coorespondence between the parts.
A sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern "abbaabba" followed by six lines with a rhyme pattern of "cdecde" or "cdcdcd".
A long narrative poem, especially one that was sung by medieval minstrels.
A short sometimes vulgar, humorous poem consisting of five anapestic lines. Lines 1, 2, and 5 have seven to ten syllables, rhyme and have the same verbal rhythm. The 3rd and 4th lines have five to seven syllables, rhyme and have the same rhythm.
A poem that expresses the thoughts and feelings of the poet.
A quatrain in iambic tetrameter with a rhyme scheme of "abba" -- named after the pattern used by Lord Tennyson.
A poem that tells a story.
A lengthy lyric poem typically of a serious or meditative nature and having an elevated style and formal stanza structure.
A poem that depicts rural life in a peaceful, romanticized way.
A 14-line sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming "abbaabba" followed by a sestet of "cddcee" or "cdecde"
A ceremonious poem consisting of a strophe (two or more lines repeated as a unit) followed by a an antistrophe with the same metrical pattern and concluding with a summary line (an epode) in a different meter. Named after Pindar, a Greek professional lyrist of the 5th century B.C.
A stanza or poem consisting of four lines. Lines 2 and 4 must rhyme while having a similar number of syllables.
A rhyming poem has the repetition of the same or similar sounds of two or more words, often at the end of the line.
A type of poetry consisting of stanzas having seven lines in iambic pentameter.
A lyrical poem of French origin having 10 or 13 lines with two rhymes and with the opening phrase repeated twice as the refrain.
A short Japanese style poem, similar to haiku in structure that treats human beings rather than nature: Often in a humorous or satiric way.
A poem consisting of six six-line stanzas and a three-line envoy. The end words of the first stanza are repeated in varied order as end words in the other stanzas and also recur in the envoy.
A 14-line sonnet consisting of three quatrains of "abab" "cdcd" "efef" followed by a couplet, "gg". Shakespearean sonnets generally use iambic pentameter.
A lyric poem that consists of 14 lines which usually have one or more conventional rhyme schemes.
A Japanese poem of five lines, the first and third composed of five syllables and the other seven.
A type of poetry consisting of 10 or 11 syllable lines arranged in three-line tercets.
A single metrical line of poetry.
A 19-line poem consisting of five tercets and a final quatrain on two rhymes. The first and third lines of the first tercet repeat alternately as a refrain closing the succeeding stanzas and joined as the final couplet of the quatrain.
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