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Ancient Egypt: 6th Grade Social Studies
Terms in this set (25)
an area of fertile soil at the mouth of a river
Ruler of Egypt, considered to be a living god
The process of preserving the body of the dead which was wrapped in linen
the Egyptian writing system that contains hundreds of picture symbols
A huge stone tomb built to protect the dead pharaoh and his belongings
Is a reed plant that grows along the Nile and used to make the first paper and other useful materials
The Nile River
1. It is 4,000 miles long
2. Located in North Africa
3. Flood season is May to September
Why was the Nile River important to Ancient Egypt?
1. It provided water for irrigation
2. It provided fertile soil for farming
3. It was used for transportation of goods and people
4. Also used by the Egyptians for drinking, bathing, cleaning, cooking
What surrounded the Nile river to the east and west?
Deserts to the east and west
How does the Nile River flow?
The Nile River flows North into the Mediterranean Sea
Why were the pyramids built?
They were built as burial places for their pharaohs
What was Egyptian writing called?
Who was Hatshepsut?
One of Egypt's few female pharaohs who believed in trade instead of conquest
Great ruler of Egypt for over 60 years
Built the Great Pyramid at Giza
Became pharaoh at age 10 and ruled until his sudden death at age 19
Under his rule, Egypt controlled more land then it ever had
Was responsible for changing the religion of Egypt from many gods to one god, Aton.
One of the few female Egyptian pharaohs; believed in trade and not conquest.
The Nile's floods were _________________ and _______________________.
gentle and dependable
Through embalming, the Egyptians learned about the human body and were able to treat different ____________________.
The Great Pyramid
Built in the city of Giza for King Khufu, stands 500 feet tall
Egyptians made advancements in ___________________________ through building the pyramids.
Known as a "golden age" of stability, prosperity and achievement.
In 670 B.C., Egypt was taken over by the _________________________.
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