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Terms in this set (46)
the hierarchical arrangement of large social groups based on their control over basic resources
the extent to which individuals have access to important society resources such as food, clothing, shelter, education, health cate
the movement of individuals or groups from one level in a stratification system to another-
may be upward movement or downward
social movement experienced by family members from one generation to the next
the social movement of individuals within their own lifetime
boundaries between levels in the hierarchies of social stratification are
rigid, and people's positions are set by ascribed status.
boundaries between levels in the hierarchies are more flexible and may be influenced (positively or negatively) by people's achieved statuses. Social mobility
People experience a gain or loss in position or income that does not produce a change in their place in the class structure.
type of stratification based on the ownership and control of resources and classification of work
closed system of social stratification in which people's status is permanently determined at birth based on their parents ascribed characteristics- in India and South Africa
Feelings of powerlessness and estrangement from other people and from oneself due to exploitation of the capitalist class
the struggle between the capitalist class and the working class
the value of all of a persons or families economic assets, including income, personal property and income producing property
the ability of people or groups to achieve their goals despite opposition from others
respect or regard that a person or status position is given by others
second poorest 8.4%
structural functionalist- social stratification results in a meritocracy- a hierarchy in which all positions are rewarded based on people's ability and credentials
Families—Relationships in which people live together with commitment, form and economic unit and care for any young, and consider their identity to be significantly
attached to the group.
relationships in which people live together with commitment, form an economic unit and care for any young, identity to group
composed of one or two parents and their dependent children
composed of relatives in addition to parents and children who live in the same house
a husband and a wife, children from previous marriages, children from new marriage (if any)
marriage between two partners—serial monogamy
woman with two or men
male with two or more women
tracing descent through both the mother's and father's sides—used in the
marrying within one's own group
practice of marrying outside one's own group
Mead and Cooley- new couples create a shared reality, divorce creates separate realities
two people who live together and think of themselves as a couple without legally being married
domestic work that employed women perform at home after they complete their workday on the job, higher woman earns more spouse helps
single parent household
these households often result in a lower standard of living for the child- less effective parenting, less-cooperative parenting, emotionally distant from both parents, experience more stressful life than children of two-parent families, economic hardships
institutional settings or residences where adults other than a child's own parent or biological relatives serve as caregivers- get financial age
proof of blame is no longer necessary
the social institution responsible for the systematic transmission of
knowledge, skills, and cultural values within a formally organized structure.
the process by which children and recent immigrants become acquainted with the dominant cultural beliefs,values and norms and knowledge of soicety
learning that takes place within an academic setting such as a school,
which has a planned instructional process and teachers who convey specific knowledge
learning that occurs in a spontaneous, unplanned way
started the free public education movement- called education the "great equalizer"
the practice of assigning students to specific curriculum groups and courses on the basis of their test scores and previous grades.
students should be deliberately placed in classes of mixed ability to improve their academic performance and test scores
transmission of cultural values and attitudes, such as conformity and obedience to authority, through implied demands found in the rules, routines and regulations.
schools that fix the gap get extra funding, schools that do not loose funding
special education is integrated with regular education programs
tax dollars are provided to parents so they can pay their child's tuition at a private school of their choice
public schools are the safest place for your kids to be
policies or procedures that are intended to promote equal opportunity for categories of people deemed to have been previously excluded from equality in education, employment, and other fields on the basis of characteristics such as race or ethnicity
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