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A&P2 Final CH 24,27,28
Terms in this set (42)
Which of the following describes an antiport system on the basal side of renal tubule cells?
It exchanges K+ for Na+.
Where is the greatest volume of water in the body found?
Intracellular fluid (ICF)
What determines osmosis from one fluid compartment to another?
The relative concentration of solutes in each compartment
A patient suffering from diabetic acidosis would display which of the following symptoms?
Which of the following occurs when blood volume and pressure become too high?
ADH release is inhibited
How do the kidneys compensate respiratory acidosis?
By secreting more hydrogen ions
What is the most significant solute in determining the distribution of water among fluid compartments?
What is the function of antidiuretic hormone?
It promotes water conservation.
Women have a tendency to retain water during part of the menstrual cycle because estrogen mimics the action of what?
What is the function of aldosterone?
It increases Na+ reabsorption and K+ secretion.
Which of the following hormones directly stimulates the development of male secondary sex characteristics?
Heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate peak during the __________.
When it is cold, the __________ contracts and draws the testes closer to the body to keep them warm.
The __________ is the gonad and the __________ is the gamete.
Men have only one __________.
The gene that codes for the testis-determining factor (TDF) is found in or on the __________.
The __________ has/have no androgen receptors and do/does not respond to it.
Whether an organism will be genetically male or female is determined by __________.
The penis is homologous to the __________.
Which of the following is an androgen?
Most ovulation home test kits measure a surge of which hormone?
Contraceptive pills mimic the ___________ feedback effect of ___________.
negative; estrogens and progesterone
When does an ovum finish meiosis?
What determines breast size?
The amount of adipose tissue
Which of the following is considered a "feminizing hormone"?
When do mammary glands primarily develop within the breasts?
Which uterine layer is composed of a simple columnar epithelium containing tubular glands?
Which hormone acts primarily on the uterus?
In which structure does fertilization usually occur?
After puberty, which epithelium lines the vagina?
Stratified squamous epithelium
Most body water intake is from_______, whereas most body water lost is via _____.
Which of the following is not caused by hypernatremia?
??? unk answer
In which compartment would fluid accumulate in edema?
Tissue (interstitial fluid)
Emphysema can lead to which of the following?
When the renal tubules secrete hydrogen ions into the tubular fluid, they __________ at the same time.
Water output is largely controlled by varying _______
At the end of meiosis I there are _____, where as at the end of meiosis II there is/are _______
two haploid cells; four haploid cells
Which of the following is not a change in the male body that results from puberty?
These are all changes associated with male puberty: deepening of the voice, gain in muscle mass, growth of the scrotum/penis, acne
Which of the following is a part of the internal female genitalia?
Why would an enlarged prostate gland interfere with urination?
It compresses the urethra
What is the cessation of menstruation referred to as?
Which of these is not found in the vestibule?
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