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In transmitting sensory information to the brain, an electrical signal travels from the ________ of a single neuron.

dendrites to the cell body to the axon

A brief electrical charge that travels down the axon of a neuron is called the:

action potential

When the release of ACh is blocked, the result is:

muscular paralysis

An area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements is called the:

motor cortex

The benefits of brain plasticity are most clearly demonstrated in:

children who have had a cerebral hemisphere surgically removed

The nineteenth-century theory that bumps on the skull reveal a person's abilities and traits is called:


Which endocrine gland regulates body growth?


The part of the cerebral cortex that directs the muscle movements involved in speech is known as:

Broca's area

The slowdown of neural communication in multiple sclerosis involves a degeneration of the:

myelin sheath

Endocrine glands secrete hormones directly into:

the bloodstream

The occipital lobes are to ______ as the temporal lobes are to ______.

seeing; hearing

The body's speedy, electrochemical information system is called the:

nervous system

If a professor accused you of cheating on a test, your adrenal glands would probably release _____ into your bloodstream.


The surgical removal of a large tumor from Dane's occipital lobe resulted in extensive loss of brain tissue. Dane is most likely to suffer some loss of:

visual perception

The most extensive regions of the brain, which enable learning and memory, are called the:

association areas

The strengthening of synaptic connections facilitates the formation of:

neural networks

Which region of your brainstem plays a role in arousing you to a state of alertness when someone nearby mentions your name?

reticular formation

A synapse is a(n):

junction between a sending neuron and a receiving neuron

The reticular formation is located in the:


Surgical destruction of brain tissue is called a(n):


Your conscious awareness of your own name and self-identity depends primarily on the normal functioning of your:

cerebral cortex

The capacity of one brain area to take over the functions of another damaged brain area is known as brain:


Neurotransmitters are chemical messengers that travel across the:

synaptic gap

Which brain structure relays information from the eyes to the visual cortex?


The part of a neuron that transmits neural messages to other neurons or to muscles of glands is called the:


In order for you to be able to run, _____ must relay messages from your central nervous system to your leg muscles.

motor neurons

The best way to detect enlarged fluid-filled brain regions in some patients who have schizophrenia is to use a(n):


The somatic nervous system is a component of the _____ nervous system


Nerves are neural cables containing many:


Neurosurgeons have severed the corpus callosum in human patients in order to reduce:

epileptic seizures

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