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Professional art critics follow one or more of three basic theories, these include
formal, expressive, contextual.
The Dish from _______ illustrates the function of art in daily life as both utilitarian object and religious inspiration. The embellishments on the plate include Arabic writing of Muslim scripture.
This artist, who made Rocket to the Moon, paid tribute to the richness of the African-American experience through art.
To evaluate a work of art properly, we must deal with it in the context of:
the society that produced it
Traditional Chinese criticism declared that artists should try to go beyond _______ of the subject matter.
Global Warning, the graphic design poster by Chaz Maviyane-Davies, presents an issue of concern for the artist as well as the global population. This work is an example of art as a vehicle for:
The term _____________________ refers to making discriminating judgments, both favorable and unfavorable.
Art made with a combination of different materials, such as a collage, is referred to as:
When we look at a work of art and we are pleased or displeased is is useful to ask
why, what are we looking for"
Professional art critics follow one or more of three basic theories
formal theories, contextual theories, and expressive theories
One way to have a positive experience in a museum is to
research the museum collection in advance and make a selection of what to see before you go.
Rembrandt was obsessed with the expressive possibilities of the human body. As a result he created and extensive collection of works using
himself as a model because he was the most readily available
Romare Bearden created his works of art using a technique made famous by Picasso. This technique is known as
collage on board
The arts have a/an ___________________ component in many societies to aid in ceremonial practices and contemplation.
In _______ balance, the two sides of a composition on either side of an imaginary vertical dividing line correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement of form.
Raphael's The School of Athens provides the viewer with the illusion of the three-dimensional world on a two-dimensional surface by the use of:
The phenomenon when positive and negative space change places, as seen in M.C. Escher's Sky and Water I woodcut print, is called:
Claus Oldenburg's and Coosje van Bruggen's art, as seen in Shuttlecocks, affects us immediately by its:
In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the ---- of love
The method of creating the illusion of depth on a 2-D surface through the appearance of converging parallel lines and one or more vanishing points is called _______.
At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image.
Madonna and Child with the Chancellor Rolin, by the Flemish artist Jan van Eyck, is an excellent example of a(n) _______ painting.
oil and tempera
A(n) _______ work of art is one in which an artist is physically involved with the production of the work of art.
American artist and illustrator _______ is best known for his watercolors, such as Sloop, Nassau.
In which of the following media does the artist draw an image with a greasy crayon directly on a flat stone slab?
Large paintings done in this technique require that the artist finish sections completely before they move to a newly prepared area.
The fraction that appears in the center of a print below the image is referred to as the ______number
The poster Jane Avril Jardin de Paris, which was created using the lithographic process, was made by this French artist.
Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Film depends on a phenomenon called _______ in which the human brain retains a visual image for a fraction of a second longer than the human eye records, making everything we see continuous and uninterrupted.
persistence of vision
Perfecting the photographic process, Louis Daguerre was able to include _______ in his photographs, as seen in his 1839 photo Le Boulevard du Temple.
The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means "dark room" is:
_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905.
A(n) _______ is a picture or decoration created to enhance displayed written material, inform the public and catch the viewer's eye.
A promoter of environmentalism and social problems, this artist is known primarily for photographs of the natural environment, such as Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite National Park, California.
In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a:
Many contemporary photographers use new _______ technology, exemplified by Andreas Gursky's Statesville, Illinois.
The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was:
This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z.
Nam June Paik
This photographer of Atop the Chrysler Building was associated with Life magazine.
According to experts' contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to:
all ; solar lunar etc
The Mesopotamians built their temples, such as that of Ur-Nammu, on this type of structure, called:
Two million years ago, the first stone tools enabled our ancestors to:
gain some control over their relationship to their surroundings
_______________, the best-known Egyptian ruler, has the only royal tomb discovered in modern times with most of the contents intact.
These kinds of objects found in ancient graves indicated a ritual burial practice.
embalmed bodies of royalty, artifacts, tools and furniture
The stylistic characteristics of ancient Egyptian art changed relatively little over time because of
lack of accessibility due to the Nile dessert on both sides of the Nile River.
As a part of the Mesopotamian culture, _________________________, were built to link the heavens and the earth.
This three dimensional work of art titled Head of an Akkadian Ruler, portrays
the image of an absolute monarch.
The earliest major civilizations were those in four fertile river valleys. They are the
Tigris, Euphrates, Nile and Indus rivers.
Byzantine Emperor Leo ordered the destruction of all images of Christ, Mary, the saints and the angels to discourage ___________________.
the worship of the images as opposed to the divine being.
Early Christian churches were built with a/an ________________, their plain exteriors gave no hint as to what was to be seen within.
One feature that set Gothic architecture apart from Romanesque was the extensive use of:
The Purse Cover from the Sutton Hoo ship burial illustrates one distinguishing characteristic of the art of migrating peoples of the Middle Ages that is based on:
The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as:
The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches.
over the central doorway
Greek sculptors were famous for their figures known as "kore" and "kouros." These figures represented
freestanding statues of a nude male and a clothed female.
The Iconoclastic Controversy was a tumultuous period during the Byzantine empire. Emperor Leo III ordered the desctruction of all images of Christ, Mary, the saints and the angels. The reasoning behind this was
the emperor and his party believed these images encouraged idolatry, worship of the image, rather than worship of the divine being.
The Roman Colosseum was built between 68 and 80 C.E., with the intention of it being used as a/an
place of amusement for the Roman rulers and citizens.
The Pantheon was built by ________________, and it was intended as a/an ______________________ for it's function?
Romans; major temple to all the gods
Greek architectural orders have become a standard for architectural design through the ages. The image below is and example of _______________ order.
The style of art produced during the end of the 4th century B.C.E. is called _______________________. This style is considered more dynamic and less idealized of other styles of Greek art.
The Acropolis in the city-state of Athens is the home of several sacred buildings. The most prominent of these buildings is the ______________________ and is dedicated to the god/goddess ___________________.
The Greek focus on ________________ and ___________________ led to the development of democracy and naturalistic human figures in art.
human potential; achievement
Greek sculptors were known for their close adaptation of life-like figures. One of the most commonly used techniques is known as _________________, which refers to a shift of weight in the figure's pose.
The Holy Trinity fresco, by Masaccio, is considered to be the first painting based on the use of:
Caravaggio's dramatic portrayal of scenes at night, as seen in The Conversion of Saint Paul, was called:
In Jan van Eyck's The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because:
it symbolized fertility
In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were:
the middle and upper classes
Leonardo da Vinci's technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa.
The first woman to gain widespread notoriety as an artist in the Renaissance was:
Bernini's The Ecstasy of Saint Teresa is an excellent example of the style known as Baroque. The elements of the Baroque style Bernini used are
moment of greatest feeling, spiritual passion and departure from the naturalistic style.
Women artists from the Middle Ages onward faced many difficulties, some of these issues include
negative attitudes of families and patrons toward female artists.
What was the significance of linear perspective for Renaissance artists?
This applied use of geometry brought a more realistic illusion of implied space to their paintings.
What was the primary subject matter for Rococo artists?
portrayal of the aristocratic lifestyle of ease, gaiety and carefree activities.
The Renaissance period of art is considered one of the most significant periods in art history. The term Renaissance means
Jan van Eyck's Arnolfini Portrait makes use of ordinary object portraying spiritual significance. These objects include
Masaccio used linear perspective in the Trinity with the Virgin to create the illusion
of a deep barrel vault extending behind the figures of the Trinity.
Leonardo da Vinci, a significant figure during the Renaissance period, believed __________________________________.
art and science are two means to the same end: knowledge
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