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Threshold 8 BH
Terms in this set (24)
Networks that link people, societies, and regions through the transfer of information, goods, people, and sometimes disease.
A geographical region characterized by an exceptional amount of exchange of people, ideas, and goods taking place---Mesopotamia, for example, was one of these for international sea routes
Four unconnected geographic zones that emerged as sea levels rose at the end of the last ice age.
The trade routes connecting Europe to the Middle East, India, and China
The expansion of exchange networks until they begin to reach across the entire world.
A period of technological innovation starting in England late in the 18th century that resulted in a major change in the way goods were produced, and caused a major shift in global economics
A new epoch (Geologic Time Period), not formally accepted by geologists, during which our species has become the dominant force for change in the biosphere
The geological epoch that begins with the end of the last ice age, about 13,000 years ago, and ends about 200 years ago
The 14th-century outbreak of bubonic plague, which killed up to half the population of Europe
The maximum number of individuals that a region's resources can support or sustain
Long cycles of economic, demographic, cultural, and political expansion, generally followed by periods of crisis and decline.
A deliberately vague label for the revolutionary transformations that have created the modern world
The 4 world Zones
Long-Distance Trade Networks
These networks helped link societies across entire world zones and eventually connected some world zones to one another. Examples include the Indian Ocean Sea Network, The Columbian Exchange, and the Silk Road
The trade network that connected the "old world" (Afro-Eurasia) and the "new world" (Americas), where goods like tobacco, produce, animals, and disease were exchanged, as well as ideas
Reasons For conquest
Lack of and need/desire for more resources
Need for more space
Fear of taxation of own people that would lead to a rebellion
Ease of conquest due to superior firepower
The Civilization that took over almost all of Asia, present day India, and much of the middle east and Eastern Europe. By land mass, was the most dominant civilization to ever rule. Led by ruthless leaders like Genghis Khan and Kublai Khan
Left from Venice, Italy and made it to Mongolia, where he befriended their ruthless leader, Kubla Khan. He took on administrative duties for Khan, helping to manage his vast Mongol Empire. His written accounts of his observations of the culture of the far East intrigued people, particularly in Europe. This made European leaders very curious and the desire to open up a trade network with China was largely born out of his exports.
Leaving from modern day Morocco alone, but highly motivated to make his Hajj to Mecca, he journeyed from west Africa throughout the Arabian Peninsula and into India and South-East Asia, even crossing the peaks of the Hindu Kush mountains. He spent most of his days communing among the Muslim communities and furthering his faith, trying to spread the ideologies of Islam.
Helped develop a fleet of advanced sailing ships. Leaving from China, he ventured out to find new treasures and gifts for the Ming Dynasty, mostly through seven voyages in the Indian Ocean. Eventually the Emperor ordered that his voyages stop due to distrust of the funding and pressure from outside sources.
A system of delivering messages within a civilization or society. Often existing portions of roads and waterways were utilized to assist in this, but many other pathways and routes were carved out. Leaders would use these systems to get messages to their governors. The first courier system in the U.S. was the pony express.
The portion of the triangular trade which transported Africans to the Americas to be used for a labor force. Often this travel over the Atlantic Ocean took 6 to 12 weeks, and many did not survive it
A new way of doing something. A change in a current method of production, such as a new farming or manufacturing technique. An invention is definitely considered an innovation.
When two societies, civilizations, or even world zones are connected through an exchange network. Through this connection, ideas, goods, disease and people are passed
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