72 terms

Chapter 8 - User Interface Design

Systems Analysis & Design, 10th Edition, Shelly Cashman
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Terms in this set (...)

data validation rule
Used to identify and correct errors before they enter a system
design prototyping
Verifies user requirements, after which the prototype is discarded
detail report
Report that produces one or more lines of output for each record processed
encryption
Protects sensitive data, which can only be read if a user has decoding software
exception report
Report that displays only records that meet a specific condition or conditions
existence check
Prevents a user from saving a record until a suitable value is entered
input control
Includes measures to ensure that input data is correct, complete, and secure
input mask
Template or pattern that restricts data entry and prevents errors
module
Individual system component that connects to a higher-level program or process
port protector
Network application that controls access to and from workstation interfaces
prototyping
Produces an early, rapidly constructed working version of a proposed system
source data automation
Online input method combining online data entry and automated data capture
source documents
Collect input data, trigger input actions, provide original transaction record
storyboard
Sketch that shows a general screen layout and design
switchboard
Opening screen with well-placed command buttons used for navigating a system
system prototyping
Produces a full-featured, working model of an information system
systems design
Third of five phases in the systems development life cycle
transparent interface
Interface that does not distract the user and calls no attention to itself
turnaround document
Output document that is entered back into the same or another system
user interface
Describes how users interact with a computer system and is the key to usability
b. menu tree
When using a CASE tool or screen generator for documentation, number the screen designs and save them in a hierarchy similar to a(n) ________ .
a. modular design
b. menu tree
c. audit trail
d. authorization zone
d. IBM
Industry leader ________ believes that the best interfaces are the ones that users do not even notice, especially if they prevent productivity losses due to system navigation issues.
a. Microsoft
b. Apple
c. Google
d. IBM
d. reliable
A system is ________ if it can handle input errors, processing errors, hardware failures, or human mistakes.
a. effective
b. valid
c. maintainable
d. reliable
c. maintainable
Flexibility and scalability are two attributes of a system that is ________ .
a. effective
b. valid
c. maintainable
d. reliable
a. effective
A system is ________ if it supports business requirements and meets user needs.
a. effective
b. valid
c. maintainable
d. reliable
d. automated data capture
The RFID scanner is a device used for ________ , which is the easiest, most accurate, and least expensive data input strategy.
a. combination checks
b. calendar control
c. input masks
d. automated data capture
a. greenbar
Modern IT departments tend to rely on customer-designed output rather than ________ reports, which were the reams of printed reports that were commonly produced in the past.
a. greenbar
b. control
c. audit
d. hash
b. graphical user
The ________ interface, complete with mouse and screen icons, was introduced by Apple in the early 1980s.
a. batch input
b. graphical user
c. diskless workstation
d. human-computer
c. IBM
Industry leader ________ believes that the best interfaces are the ones that users do not even notice, especially if they prevent productivity losses due to system navigation issues.
a. Microsoft
b. Apple
c. IBM
d. Google
b. HCI
________ describes the relationship between computers and people who use them to perform their jobs.
a. EHR
b. HCI
c. COM
d. GUI
a. EHRs
Despite government incentives to increase the use of ________ , there is reluctance on the part of many physicians who feel that the software is difficult to use and does not meet their needs.
a. EHRs
b. HCIs
c. COMs
d. GUIs
d. GUI
As most users are visual learners, a well-designed ________ can increase productivity and help them learn a new system rapidly.
a. EHR
b. HCI
c. COM
d. GUI
b. user-centered
Designers must think like users when developing ________ interfaces, which incorporate terms and metaphors that are familiar to users.
a. user-selected
b. user-centered
c. user-entered
d. user-inspired
c. storyboard
Interface designers can solicit user feedback by presenting initial screen designs to them in the form of a ________ .
a. reasonableness check
b. turnaround document
c. storyboard
d. human-computer interaction
c. natural language
If a user opens an application's Help feature, the software may use ________ technology to retrieve a list of topics that relate to the question the user has entered.
a. human-computer interaction
b. input control
c. natural language
d. instruction zone
c. command button
A(n) ________ is an interface feature that is used to initiate an action such as printing a form or requesting help.
a. option button
b. radio button
c. command button
d. toggle button
d. toolbar
A(n) ________ is an interface feature that contains icons or buttons that represent shortcuts for executing common commands.
a. scroll bar
b. dialog box
c. list box
d. toolbar
d. toggle button
A(n) ________ is an interface feature that is used to switch between on and off statuses.
a. option button
b. radio button
c. command button
d. toggle button
b. Form filling
________ is a recommended data entry method in which a blank form that duplicates or resembles the source document is completed on the screen.
a. Natural language
b. Form filling
c. Human-computer interaction
d. Default value
a. input masks
Microsoft Access uses ________ to help in preventing errors when data is entered into fields, such as telephone numbers, postal codes, and Social Security numbers.
a. input masks
b. reasonableness checks
c. natural language
d. encryption
b. validation rules
Data ________ are used to identify incorrect data and correct errors prior to being entered into the system.
a. forms
b. validation rules
c. protectors
d. trails
c. existence
If a customer record requires a credit card number, a(n) ________ check would not allow the record to be saved until a user has entered a suitable value into the credit card number field.
a. sequence
b. validity
c. existence
d. range
d. range
A(n) ________ can be used to verify that data items fall between a specified minimum and maximum value.
a. sequence
b. validity
c. existence
d. range
b. validity
Verifying that the credit card number on a customer order matches the credit card number in a customer's file is an example of a(n) ________ check.
a. sequence
b. validity
c. existence
d. range
b. hash
Batch control totals are often called ________ totals because they are not meaningful numbers themselves, but are useful for comparison purposes.
a. module
b. hash
c. automated
d. transparent
d. GIGO
________ is a term that refers to the commonly accepted belief that the quality of an information system's output is only as good as the quality of its input.
a. HCI
b. EHR
c. COM
d. GIGO
c. source
Whether they are paper-based or provided online, ________ documents collect input data, trigger or authorize an input action, and provide a record of the original transaction.
a. mock-up
b. turnaround
c. source
d. combination
c. control
The ________ zone is an area of a form's layout that contains the codes, identification information, numbers, and dates that are used for storing the completed document.
a. authorization
b. instruction
c. control
d. body
d. body
The ________ zone takes up at least half of the space on a form and contains captions and areas for entering variable data.
a. authorization
b. instruction
c. control
d. body
a. authorization
The ________ zone is often at the bottom of a source document and contains any signatures that are required.
a. authorization
b. instruction
c. control
d. body
a. Turnaround
________ documents are output documents that are entered back into the same or another information system.
a. Turnaround
b. Throwaway
c. Usability
d. Exception
a. detail
A(n) ________ report will produce one or more lines of output for each record that is processed.
a. detail
b. summary
c. exception
d. greenbar
c. exception
An academic advisor might use a(n) ________ report to identify only those students who have grade point averages below 2.0.
a. detail
b. summary
c. exception
d. greenbar
b. summary
Upper-level managers might use a(n) ________ report because their primary concerns often relate to total figures rather than detailed information.
a. detail
b. summary
c. exception
d. greenbar
c. mock-up
A sample report, called a ________ , is provided to users for approval and normally includes enough records to show all of its design features.
a. greenbar
b. modular design
c. mock-up
d. character-based report
a. report header
A feature of a well-designed report is the ________ , which identifies the report, and contains the report title and date.
a. report header
b. page header
c. report footer
d. page footer
c. report footer
A feature of a well-designed report is the ________ , which appears at the end of the report and may include grand totals for numeric fields as well as other end-of-report information.
a. report header
b. page header
c. report footer
d. page footer
d. Access
Database programs, such as Microsoft ________ , allow users to easily create groups and subgroups as well as reports that calculate and display totals, averages, and record counts.
a. Outlook
b. OneNote
c. Word
d. Access
c. Blogs
________ are a form of Web-based output that are written to deliver fact as well as opinion to Web readers.
a. Podcasts
b. Webcasts
c. Blogs
d. Automated facsimiles
d. e-mail
Employees use ________ , an essential means of internal and external business communication, to exchange documents, data, schedules, and business-related information.
a. podcasts
b. webcasts
c. blogs
d. e-mail
a. Podcasts
________ are a form of Web-based output that can be downloaded from a variety of content providers and stored on a portable player.
a. Podcasts
b. Webcasts
c. Blogs
d. Automated facsimiles
c. COM
Large firms often use ________ to scan and store images of original documents, which results in high-quality records management and archiving.
a. HCI
b. EHR
c. COM
d. GIGO
a. traditional
The keyboard is an example of a(n) ________ input technology.
a. traditional
b. emerging
c. evolving
d. mock-up
c. evolving
Advanced optical recognition is an example of a(n) ________ input technology.
a. traditional
b. emerging
c. evolving
d. mock-up
b. emerging
Artificial intelligence is an example of a(n) ________ input technology.
a. traditional
b. emerging
c. evolving
d. mock-up
d. Batch
________ input is usually performed on a specified schedule, so it would be beneficial to a payroll department who wants to process and release paychecks at the same time each week.
a. Encrypted
b. Sequence
c. Context-sensitive
d. Batch
c. source data automation
The use of handheld scanners to read optical strips on library books is an example of ________ .
a. data validation
b. manual data entry
c. source data automation
d. input masking
d. prototype
A ________ is an early, rapidly constructed working model of an information system that allows users to test it in a risk-free environment and either approve it or request changes.
a. control field
b. module
c. control zone
d. prototype
a. System
_______ prototyping produces a full-featured, working model that is ready for implementation if all requirements have been met.
a. System
b. Modular
c. Design
d. Automated
c. Design
________ prototyping is used to verify user requirements, after which the prototype is discarded and implementation continues.
a. System
b. Modular
c. Design
d. Automated
d. throwaway
The end product of ________ prototyping is a user-approved model that documents and benchmarks the features of a finished system.
a. system
b. exception
c. modular
d. throwaway
a. switchboard
Control features, such as menu bars and toolbars, can be placed on a(n) ________ , which is like a graphical version of a main menu.
a. switchboard
b. exception report
c. input mask
d. control field
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