WEX Chapter 11 Terms

Vocab from chapter 11 of WEX
Nicholas II
Czar of Russia during WWI
Nicholas' wife
gregory rasputin
Helped Alexandra's son live. Imposed will on Russian gov.
nadezhda krupskaya
Lenin's wife- spread radical ideas.
leon trotsky
a marxist
red guards
armed factory workers, worked for Lenin
those loyal to the czar
secret police for Stalin
mikhail sholokhov
union of soviet socialist republics
new economic policy. by lenin. allowed for a bit of small private buisnesses. peasants kept their grain
great purge
when the secret police targeted anyone stalkin felt may be against him. Killed/sent to siberia.
communist international (by lenin). aided revolutionary groups.
command economy
gov't owned everything - gave people money/rescources
government owned plots for farming where many peasants lived/worked togetherf
wealthy peasant.
youth organizatio - recreation
Alexandra Kollontai
won women more rights
Vladimir Mayakovsky
poet who praised revolutionary heros.
Osip MAndelstam
Poet who succumbed to stalins demands and wrote ode to stalin after being imprisoned for not writiing pro soviet
Anna Akhmatova
one of russias greatest poets, not pro soviet, had to write it secret
totalitarian state
one party dictatorship where the gov controls every aspect of citizen's lives
socialist realism
the arts that were pro-soviet
Prince Felix Yussoupov
radical group of socialists led by V.I lenin.
means majority
councils of workers and soldiers
November/Bolshevik revolution
led by lenin/trotsky. promised peace, land, and bread. won the revo w/o any fighting. Made moscow the capital, ended private ownership o land, workers got control o factories, new flag. IMMEDIATE CAUSE = CIVIL WAR
war communism
gov takes over banks, railroads, and industries during time of war.
Joseph stalin
politician who wanted power (won)
supreme soviet
Lenin's government form. Elected law making body.citizens 18+ could vote, all industry belong to peasants/workers
5-year plan
plans by stalin. goal was to modernize/ industrialize the soviet untion
Vladimir Ilyich ulyanov
V.I Lenin's birthname. (first leader of bolsheviks)