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17 terms

History 18

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reconstruction
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union
freedmen
people freed from slavery
presidential reconstruction
was the President's idea of reconstruction : all states had to end slavery, states had to declare that their secession was illegal, and men had to pledge their loyalty to the U.S.
ten percent plan
Lincoln's plan that allowed a Southern state to form its own government afetr ten percent of its voters swore an oath of loyalty to the United States
radical republicans
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
wade davis bill
bill passed by congress and vetoed by president lincoln that would have given congress control of reconstruction
amnesy
a group pardon to southerners who willingly took a loyalty oath to the Union
thirteenth amendment
the recent constitutional amendment that had abolished slavery
black codes
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Thaddeus Stevens
Man behind the 14th Amendment, which ends slavery. Stevens and President Johnson were absolutely opposed to each other. Known as a Radical Republican
charles sumner
Man behind the 14th Amendment, which ends slavery. Stevens and President Johnson were absolutely opposed to each other. Known as a Radical Republican
Freedmens Bureau
the first fedral relief agency ever established. issued rations of surplus foods
Fourteenth Amendment
the longest ammendment up to date. gave blacks legal citizenship
Radical reconstruction
when the republicans, who had control in both houses of congress, took charge of reconstruction
reconstruction act of 1867
a.) put the South under military rule b.)Ordered states to hold new elections for deleagates to creat new state constitutions c.) Required all states to allow all qualified male voters to vote in elections d.) Barred those who supported the Confederacy from voting. e.) Required southern states to guarante
carpetbaggers
northern whites who moved to the south and served as republican leaders during reconstruction
scalawags
southern whites who supported republican policy throught reconstruction