18 terms

New Republic

Key terms and events - Presidents Washington through Madsion

Terms in this set (...)

Judiciary Act of 1789
legislation passed by Congress that created the federal court system
Protective Tariffs
tax on imported goods to protect American industry
National Bank
Proposed by Alexander Hamilton for the financial security of the United States, opposed by Thomas Jefferson
Democratic-Republican Party
founded by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison, supported strict construction of the Constitution
War of 1812
conflict between Britain and the United States, no clear winner, ended by the Treaty of Ghent
kidnapping of American sailors by the British forcing them to serve in the British Navy
Banned trade with foreign countries
Embargo Act of 1807
Banned all trade with Europe
Non-intercourse Act
Allowed trade with all European countries except for Britain and France
Washington's Neutrality Proclamation
Washington's refusal to become involved in foreign affairs
Washington's Farwell Address
Letter issued by George Washington when he left office urging the United States to avoid debt, remain neutral, and not form political parties
Lewis and Clark Expedition
Journey through the Louisiana Territory in search of the Northwest Passage, reached the Pacific Ocean
Monroe Doctrine
President James Monroe declared the Western Hemisphere off limits to European colonization
Free Enterprise Economy
Economic system of free competition with little government control
Marbury v. Madison
Supreme Court case that established the principle of Judicial Review
Judicial Review
Power of the Supreme court to be the final voice in interpreting the Constitution
Federalist Party
Founded by Alexander Hamilton, supported loose construction of the Constitution
Era of Good Feelings
Period of economic prosperity after the War of 1812