18 terms

Ch 18 Causes of Civil War

key terms and events
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Abolitionist Movement
Reform movment to end slavery in the United States
Cotton Boom
Increase of cotton growth in the South due to the invention of the cotton gin, caused a dramitic increase in the demand for slave labor
Southern Society
focused on agriculture and used slaves as cheap labor to work in fields
The Slave System
forced labor of African Americans on southern plantations
Underground Railroad
network of people who helped thousands of slaves escape slavery in the south to northern states
Sectionalism
devotion to the interests of your geographic region rather than the country as a whole
Missouri Compromise
compromise that admitted Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state, established the 36'30" line, proposed by Henry Clay
Compromise of 1850
compromise that admitted California as a free state and passed the Fugitive Slave Laws
Fugitive Slave Act
Allowed slave owners to capture escaped slaves living in free states and return them to slavery
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
Book writen by Harriet Beecher Stowe, increased demand for the end of slavery
Kansas-Nebraska Act
Allowed the territories the right to decide whether they would allow slavery or not
Bleeding Kansas
conflict in Kansas between pro slavery and anti slavery groups
Dred Scott Case
Supreme court decision that established slaves were property not people
Lincoln-Douglas Debates
series of debates between Abraham Lincoln and Stephen Douglas over the issue the future of slavery in the west
Harper's Ferry
location of John Brown's raid
Election of 1860
presidential election won by Abraham Lincoln which led to the secession of South Carolina
Secession
to formally withdraw from the United States
Confederate States of America
nation formed by the states that seceeded from the United States