25 terms

Civil War

key terms and events
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Civil War
Dispute between the North and South 1861-1865
Fort Sumter
First battle of the Civil War
Border States
Slave states that did not seceed from the Union
Advantages and Disadvantages of the North before Civil War
Ad-More transportation, more factories, larger population; Dis- invading/occupying force, poor leadership
Advantages and Disadvantages of the South before Civil War
Ad-excellent leadership, defending home territory; Dis-lack of industry, less people,less transportation
1st Bull Run
1st Battle of the Civil War
Battle of Antietam
Bloodiest single day of Civil War
Vicksburg
Union gains control of Mississippi River
Emancipation Proclamation
Lincoln frees all slaves in Confederate states
Battle of Gettysburg
turning point of the war, South never invades north again
Gettysburg Address
Lincoln's speech at Gettysburg, praised bravery of fallen troops and renewed commitment to win war
March to the Sea
Union General Sherman's path of total war from Atlanta, GA to Savannah, GA
total war
destroy anything and everything that could help the enemy fight, including crops, transportation
Appomattox
town where Lee surrenders to Grant, ends Civil War
Lincoln
16th President, elected 1860, opposed spread of slavery
Jefferson Davis
President of Confederacy
U.S. Grant
Union General defeats Lee at Appomattox, wins war
Robert E. Lee
Commander of Confederate Army
McClellan
Union General, poor leader, replaced by Grant
Stonewall Jackson
Fearless Confederate General, agressive and brave
Pickett
Confederate General led Pickett's bloody charge at Gettysburg, 13,000 casualties
Sherman
Fierce Union General, used total war in Georgia
13th Amendment
abolished slavery
14th Amendment
anyone born in the U.S. automatic citizen
15th Amendment
voting rights for all men regardless of color