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CRP 212 midterm
Terms in this set (49)
What is the process of incorporating a new city?
citizens must have a desire for it, city must be able to show revenue able to support itself, city's charter must be approved thru election
What does incorporating a city mean?
formation of a city with corporate powers
what is the name of a city governing body?
For most California cities, what is the largest category of expenditures from the General Fund?
What is the difference between a capital budget and an operating budget?
capital is planning whether an organization's investments are worth the funding. operating is the sum of expenses; future costs if the year
What is the bid rent curve theory?
people are social creatures and like to be near each other so they will pay to be in better cities
What are the three "police powers"
health, welfare, safety
What best describes the change in US cities from the 19th century to the 21st centuries?
increased urbanization and centralization, followed by decentraliazation
What movement began the American planning of the late 1800s?
What is a 100-year flood?
flood level likely to be equaled or exceeded on an average of once every 100 years
What is a region or area bounded peripherally by divide and draining ultimately to a particular watercourse or body of water?
What causes an increase in storm water runoff?
increasing impervious surfaces
Why is topography an important consideration in land use planning?
Landslide hazards presented by steep slopes
In his book "Design with Nature", what is Ian McHarg's basic proposition?
each area has an intrinsic suitability for certain land uses
What best describes recent trends in the number of vehicle miles traveled in the US?
the vehicle miles increased
Which of the following statements best describes the American Community Survey (ACS)?
mandatory survey that provides communities with reliable demographic, housing, social and economic data every year
What is California's largest racial/ethnic group?
According to the LA Times article by Dowell Meyers, what does he mean that the older, whiter California population and the younger, Latino population need to get on the same page?
older taxpayers must invest in the education to cultivate the potential of the next generation of taxpayers and workers
If a new development were proposed for the City of Los Angeles, what might the City require to ensure that the project contributes to a "livable city"?
broad sidewalks, plentiful benches and lighting to enhance walkability
In a general plan, what is a description of the desired future characteristics of the community called?
vision or mission statement
Can a city include elements in the general plan in addition to the seven required by law?
yes, SLO adopted recreation, historic and aesthetic, energy, off-shore energy, economic and agriculture in addition to the required seven
What is the purpose of a city general plan?
to guide the growth and land development of the community, for the current period and the long term
Is a general plan more specific that zoning code?
The land use element of a general plan must be consistent with which elements of a general plan?
they have to be consistent with the general plan's direction
What standard for the residential density does the City of SLO establish in the general plan?
dwelling units per acre
What standard for the commercial development intensity does the general plan of SLO establish?
floor area ratio (FAR)
What is the floor-area-ration of a 100,000 square foot multi-story building on a 20,000 square foot lot?
Which type of city has more flexibility in how it manages its administrative and fiscal affairs?
In a strong-mayor city, who usually runs the city's day-to-day operations?
What are the two main areas of focus for reducing greenhouse gas emissions?
electricity consumption and vehicle miles traveled
How does Jordan Yin define urban sprawl?
a land use pattern that uses land at a faster rate than the population growth
What is a planning commission?
Legislative committee that addresses planning issues and reports to the city council
City planning is generally divided into two areas. What are these two area?
long range planning and current planning
How does the Brundtland Commission define sustainable development?
development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generation to meet their own needs
What are the three E's of sustainability?
environment, social equity, economy
Which is the superior element of a general plan?
What do we call a specific end, condition, or state that is an intermediate step toward attaining a goal?
What does Yin say about the public's role in the planning process?
the residents who are interested in the future of their communities are important and play different roles in contributing to a successful plan
What is the common name for a land use or zoning category that included retail stores?
What is the type of land use that has residences and businesses on the same site?
mixed use development
Which document has information on the specifically allowable use for a parcel of land?
Land use codes
What is the final step in the local general plan process in California?
If a city council passed a law that citizens did not like, what is the one action the citizens could take to change it?
What is the most important reason to involve the public in City planning?
we are a democracy
What are the POET-C variables?
population, organization, environment, technology, culture
What is the "internet of things"?
that many of the objects in the world will be connected to the internet
What is a low-carbon city?
a city with low greenhouse gas emissions
What are the required seven elements of the California General Plan?
land-use, conservation, noise, circulation, open space, safety and housing
To determine the maximum size building you could build on a commercially zoned site, what are the three key pieces of information you would want from the zoning code?
is the property zoned, where to get a building permit, how close can the structures be built
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
CRP 212 Midterm
CRP 212 Midterm
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