43 terms

Drawing 1 Vocabulary

Drawing 1 Vocabulary All bolded words from the list that are in the DRAWING FROM OBSERVATION book by Brian Curtis are defined as such, all others have the best definition I could infer from the text.
STUDY
PLAY
Line Variation
line that changes from thick to thin; used to show depth, create points of emphasis, and imply movement
Kinesthesia
the perception of body position and movement and muscular tensions etc
Stick Charcoal
composed of the dry carbon that remains after wood is burned. It is a dry, crumbly material that leaves marks easily and a comes of most surfaces easily.
Vine Charcoal
The highest grade of stick charcoal, it comes in thin sticks with a smooth, even texture. Used for sketching and lends itself to quick gestures and subtle gradations.
Compressed Charcoal
Made from ground charcoal that is mixed with varying amount of clay and a binder tot hold it together. the more clay added the harder the compress it becomes.
Graphite
mixed with varying amounts of clay to create different degrees of hardness and darkness. Pencils range from 8B (softest and darkest) through the midrange of HB and F to the hard range, with 10H being the hardest and lightest.
Conte' Crayon
Made by compressing a pigment and gum binder past into small rectangular sticks. These crayons come in black, white, gray, reddish-orange, dark brown, and a dark reddish-brown ad are available in HB, B, 2B. The Conte' crayon is a very smooth and versatile tool.
Rag Paper
Made from cotton fibbers, is the most durable and versatile and is the most permanent paper when used with nonacidic drawing tools and kept from chemical polution
Newsprint
The least expensive paper, is made from untreated wood pulp and is highly impermanent.
Weight of paper
Refers to the measured weight of five hundred (a ream) 17x2 inch sheets of a particular paper.
Tooth
Is the surface of feel of paper. The more ____ a paper has, the rougher it feels to the touch.
Cold-Pressed Paper
The most common, have moderate surface texture and absorbency and accept the widest range of media. Rough paper has a pronounced surface texture and is most commonly used with watercolor or ink washes.
Hot-Pressed Paper
Papers are hard and smooth and best suited to detail work with pen or hard pencil. They are not very absorbent.
Bond Paper
Refers to an assortment of writing, ink jet, and drawing papers that vary in weight, rag content, and surface.
Bristol Paper
are manufactured by bonding together two or more sheets of a single-ply paper. Each additional layer makes the paper tougher than a single-ply bond paper. Can be made from rag, but often made from wood pulp that has been chemically treated.
Charcoal Paper
is manufactured with a pronounced tooth or texture, and is designed for soft charcoal, pastel, crayon and chalk.
Illustration Board
Refers to the gluing of drawing papers to a ridged backing
Kneaded (puddy) Eraser
Work particularly well with charcoal on newsprint. Absorbs the charcoal particles and leave no residue.
Drawing Grip
the fingers are relatively static and responsible only for holding on to the drawing tool and registering the "feel" of the tip of the drawing tool against the drawing surface.
Writing Grip
Cradles the barrel of the writing tool upward between the thumb and the index finger
Conceptual Drawing/Concept
It is a logical construction that uses clear stylized symbols to represent our most basic understanding .
Perceptual Drawing/Percept
Construction that reflects a substantial cognitive shift. Records information directly from our observations.
Intuitive Gesture
A quick, all-encompassing, simultaneous overview of the wholeness of forms and their relationship in space. It is energetic, flexible, nonlinear, nonspecific, intuitive, and constantly open to adjustment.
Gesture Drawing
Drawing that must be flexible, spontaneous, and continuously open to reevaluation, adjustment, and refinement.
Clock-Angle tool
We call it a sightingstick but it is all so called Mondrian Tool. When held at arm's length and perpendicular at your line of sight, is cableable of capturing the angular tit of any receding line or edge of a rectilinear object in your visual field.
Picture Plane
The actual flat surface, or opaque plane, on which the artist draws.
Obtuse Angle
an Angle that is more that 90 degrees and less than 180
Acute Angle
Angle that is less than 90 degrees.
Oblique
Neither perpendicular nor parallel to a given line or surface; slanting; sloping
Contour
is a constantly changing line representing the outer edge of a three- dimensional form
Figure
identifiable shape and the surrounding areas. The figure generally attracts more attention than the background and is said to carry more visual weight than the surrounding area.
Ground
Area surrounding the figure.
Closure
Joining divers element together to from meaningful figure is called ___________ in Gestalt psychology.
Positive Shape
Any shape or object distinguished from the background
Negative Shape
the space around the subject; surrounds positive shapes
Figure Ground Reversal
When viewing and image you can flip a shape in or out of dominance simply by concentration on it as a positive image.
Gestalt Psychology
A type of psychology focusing on the mechanisms by means of which a subject responds to the totality of the image (integrated wholes) rather than its constituent parts.
Perceptual Grid
The straight up and down perception that serves as the fundamental baseline against which we constantly compare and contrast the orientation of objects in our visual field.
Extended Gesture
When you combine the perceptual grind with an intuitive overview of complex relationships in space, an intuitive perspective, and a positive/negative shape sensitivity. A indepth gesture.
Proportion
is the comparative relationship between two things with respect to size, amount, or weight.
Inverse Proportion
Between two variables; Relationship where the products are constant
Foreshortening
Progressively reducing the size and width.
Size Constancy
objects appearing larger than their perceptual size warrants.