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Threshold 8 Definitions
Terms in this set (15)
A new epoch, not formally accepted by geologists, during which our species has become the dominant force for change in the biosphere. The Anthropocene marks the end of the Holocene epoch, about the time of the Industrial Revolution, 200 years ago.
The fourteenth-century outbreak of Bubonic plague, which killed up to half of the population of Europe.
The maximum number of individuals that a region's resources can support or sustain.
The movement of plants, animals, and people in all directions across the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans.
A system of interaction through which humans share and trade information, goods, and, sometimes, diseases.
widespread scarcity of food, caused by several factors, such as crop failure, population imbalance, or government politics.
The increasing interconnection of the world that began at about 1500 CE and has accelerated since 1800.
The geological Epoch that begins with the end of the last ice age, about 13,000 years ago, and ends at the start of the Anthropocene epoch, about 200 years ago.
The geographical region characterized by an exceptional amount of exchange of people, ideas, and goods taking place--Mesopotamia, for example.
A period of technological innovation starting in England late in the eighteenth century that resulted in a major change in the way goods were produced and caused a major shift in global economics.
The generation of a new idea, method, or product.
Long cycles of economic, demographic, cultural, and political expansion, generally followed by periods of crisis and decline. these cycles, generally lasting several centuries, are apparent throughout the era of agrarian civilizations, and were probably set into motion by the inability of innovation to keep pace with population growth. named for Thomas Malthus (1766-1834), an English pastor and economist.
A deliberately vague label for the revolutionary transformations that have created the modern world. The Modern revolution began around 1500 and ushered in the modern era of human history.
The trade routes connecting Europe to the Middle East, India, and China.
A Large region of the world where humans settled with high degree of contact with others in their region, but without contact with people from other regions. The world zones are: Afro-Eurasia, Americas, Australia, and Pacific.
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