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57 terms

MDC-Dental hygiene Nutrition

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Pernicious Aemia is associated with
Vitamin B12 defiency
Vitami C promotes
production of collagens
Amioi acids are termed essental because
cannot be synthesized within the body
Beriberi is a defiecy in
thiamin
Amino Acids are building blocks for
protein
Glucose is absorbed in
the small intestine
Glycogen is stored in the
liver
HDL
good cholestrol-rids body of cholestrol
LDL
bad cholestrol- attratcs cholestrol and clogs artieries
Saturated fats derived from
animal origins, ad are solid at room temperature
Usaturated fats are derived from
plant origis and are liquid at room temperature
Alpha-linolenic acid is an
omega- 3 fatty acid aids formatio of cell walls, lowres blood pressure, reduce risk of stroke or thrombisis- found in walnuts, pumpkin seeds, brazil nuts, gree leafy veggies
Linoleic acid is an
omega-6 fatty acid, aids i rhematoid arthhitis, pms, and dermatologic disorders- found in olive oil, chesnut oil, pumpkin seeds
Calcium is essential for
muscle contarction
Vitamin D is needed for the absorption of
calcium and phosphours
Water-Soluble Vitamins are
B1,B2,B3,B5,B6,B12,B9, Vitamin C
B1
Thiamin, defiecy in B1 is beriberi found in pork, nuts, fish
B2
riboflavin- deficency in this is glossitis, cheilosis, anemia
B3`
Niacin-defiency in this results to angular cheilosis, pellegeria, diaherra
B5
Pantothenic acid-defeincy in this resulst to depression, weakened immnue system
B6
Pyridoxine- defiency results in glossits, dermatis, anemia, mental impairment
B12
Cobalamin- reults in perniocous anemia
B9
Folic acid- defiency results in prebith defects, anemia, tongue depapillaton
Vitamin C
ascorbic acid- controls infection, aids coective tissue healing- defiecy results in scurvy, hemorrhages, ad delayed healing
Fat-Soluble Vitamins
Vitamin a,D,E,K
Viatmin A
beta carotene- goos for eyesights, boe formation, defiency in night blindness xerostomia
Vitamin D
Caciferol- good for teeth mineralization- defeincy in caries prone, rickets(child) osteomalcia(adults)
Vitamin E
Tocopherol- prev of blood clots ad heart diz- defiency results in sterility, hemolytic anemia
Vitamin K
Phylloquinone- good for blood clotting and normalliver function- defiency prolonged bleeding
Kwashiorkor
seen in children living in impoverished areas, caused by lock of protein signs large abdomen
Marasmus
inadequate proteins, casues retardation, and weakness
Carbohydrates are stored in the liver as
Glycogen
Which conditio causes knucklies to be calloused and partoid glands swollen
Bulimia Nervosa
Which vitamin aids in the absorptionn of calcium and phosphorous
Viatmin D
Minerals that are essential for water balance
Soduim and potassuim
Defiency in thyrosine results in
rigid arms and legs
Carboxypepitidase is a enzyme ecessary for
removig amio acids from peptides
Sucrose is broken down, absorbed, and utilized by the body as which of the following?
fructose and glucose
Excessive amounts of which one of the following vitamins is most toxic when taken for a prolonged period of time?
Vitami D
In addition to being a vitamin, Vitamin D is also a/an:
Hormone
Oversupplementation of zinc can cause of deficiency of
Copper
A patient suffering from angular cheilosis, angular stomatitis, glossitis, red, itching eyes, and poor healing suffers from a deficiency of which one of the following vitamins
Riboflavin
Blood formation requires many nutrients. The major nutrients involved in blood formation are:
Vitamin B 12 and folic acid
Carotenes of plants are precursors to which of the following
Vitamin A
In what capacity do vitamins serve in the body?
as regulators of biochemical reaction
Which type of carbohydrate is glucose
monosaccharide
Which of the following vitamins is synthesized by microorganisms
Vit K
Sucrose is what type of carbohydrate?
a disaccharide
Which vitamin is associated with calcium and phosphorus absorption from the gut?
Vit D
The ingestion of minerals may affect the absorption of
Vit A and D
Rickets and osteomalacia result from a deficiency in
Vit D
Intrinsic factor is necessary for intestinal absorption of which of the following?
Vit B12
Glossitis and cheilosis may result from a deficiency in
Vit B Complex
From which nutrient is the amount of kcal equivalent to 9 kcal per gram
Fats
Which of the following is the most important salivary buffer
Bicarbonate
The most common medical emergency related to diabetes is
Insulin shock
People with PKU (phenylketonurics) should not consume
asparatame