APUSH: Period 1 Questions To Know
Terms in this set (11)
How did maize impact Natives?
Cultivation occurred in Mexico - led to permanent civilizations
What was Native life like in the Great Plains and Great Basin?
Largely mobile (nomadic) - climate was arid
What was Native life like in the Northeast and Mississippi River Valley?
Mixed agricultural and hunter-gatherer societies -> permanent villages
What was Native life like in the Northwest and CA?
Hunting and gathering, some communities were supported by resources of the ocean
What were reasons for European exploration?
3 G's - Gold (wealth), Glory (military competition), and God (spread Christianity)
What was the impact of the Columbian Exchange on Europe?
New crops from the Americas (potatoes, maize) led to an increase in population, new wealth (gold and silver)
What were technological reasons for European exploration?
Improvements in maritime technology (sextant and caravel)
What was the impact of Spanish conquest on the Americas?
Widespread deadly epidemics (smallpox, measles, etc) - devastated Native populations; introduction of horses and cattle - horses increased movement and made hunting easier
What was the purpose of the Encomienda System?
Using Native labor on plantations and mines - Natives were converted to Christianity. Later replaced by African Slavery
What was the impact of the Spanish Caste System?
Incorporated the diverse population (Africans, Natives, Europeans) and limited social mobility
How were Natives often viewed by many Europeans?