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APUSH: Period 3 Questions To Know
Terms in this set (20)
What was the impact of the 7 Years' War? (French and Indian)
France was removed from North America, Britain was in MASSIVE debt, ended salutary neglect, and began taxing the colonists. The war altered the relationship between the British and the colonists.
Why did the British seek to prevent colonists from moving westward after the 7 Years' War?
To prevent conflicts between colonists and Natives (Pontiac's Rebellion)
What 4 events occurred in 1763?
Think PEEP. (I'm so proud I came up with this one). Pontiac's Rebellion, End of 7 Years' War, End of salutary neglect, Proclamation Line of 1763.
What united the colonists in resisting the British in the 1760s and 1770s?
TAXES (Know a few - Stamp,, Sugar, Townshend, etc) WITHOUT colonial consent, perceived and real constraints on economic activities and political rights (Quartering Acts).
What arguments did colonial leaders use to resist Britain after the 7 Years' War?
Rights of British subjects, natural rights, traditions of self-rule, ideas of the Enlightenment.
Who contributed to the Patriot effort?
Men and women of all classes, and elites such as Ben Franklin - boycotted British goods, provided financial and material support to the war effort.
How did the colonists win the war?
Leadership of George Washington, Colonists' commitment to ideology and resilience, assistance from Europe (especially France after the Battle of Saratoga)
What was the message of Common Sense?
Thomas Paine's writing encouraged America to break away from England. This helped influence the Declaration of independence.
What was "republican motherhood"?
Called for women to teach republican values within the family and provided education opportunities for women.
What impact did the Declaration of Independence and American Revolution have on the world?
Inspired revolutions in France, Haiti, and Latin America.
What were issues with the Articles of Confederation?
Created a WEAK central government with issues over trade, finances, interstate commerce, and internal unrest (Shays' Rebellion)
What was the Great Compromise?
Created a bicameral legislature (combined VA and NJ plans to create Congress) one house based on representation, one house has equal representation
What was the 3/5 Compromise?
Determined 3/5 slaves would count towards population for representation in Congress - favored the South.
When was the international slave trade banned?
What was the purpose of the Federalist Papers?
To gain support for the ratification of the Constitution.
What made the anti-federalists finally support the Constitution?
The promise of adding a Bill of Rights.
What were reasons for the creation of the 1st Party System (Democratic-Republicans and Federalists)
Debates over: the relationship between federal and state governments, economic policy (Hamilton's financial plan and Bank of the US), foreign policy (French Revolution)
What was the Northwest Ordinance?
Created under the Articles of Confederation. Created a process for admitting new states, promoted public education, protected private property, and banned slavery in the Northwest Territory.
What treaties did the US have with Spain and Britain in the 1790s?
Pinckney's Treaty (Spain) - US gained acces to New Orleans and Mississippi River.
Jay's Treaty (England) - England promise to leave forts in US, US increased trade with England -> infuriated France.
What was the message of George Washington's Farewell Address?
He warned of the dangers of political parties and permanent foreign alliances. **
This is a GREAT synthesis point for almost ANY essay on US foreign policy.