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6th grade Social Studies Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
government
ruling system of a land
Great Wall of China
barrier made of walls across China's northern frontier
hemisphere
one half of the earth
hieroglyphics
ancient Egyptian writing system that used picture symbols
Hindu-Arabic numerals
number system we use today; it was created by Indian scholars during the Gupta dynasty
hinduism
main religion of India; it teaches that everything is part of a universal spirit called Brahman
history
study of the past
hunter-gatherers
people who hunt animals and gather wild plants, seeds, fruits, and nuts to survive
ice ages
long periods of freezing weather
imports
goods brought in from other regions
influence
power affecting a person, thing, or course of events
inherit
to receive from an ancestor by legal succession or will
innovation
act of introducing something new
inoculation
injecting a person with a small dose of a virus to help build up defenses to a disease
irrigation
way of supplying water to an area of land
Islam
religion based on the messages of Muhammad is believed to have received from God
jihad
to make an effort or to struggle; has also been interpreted to mean holy war
Judaism
religion of the Hebrews; it is the world's oldest monotheistic religion
judicial branch
branch of government responsible for interpreting the Constitution
labor
factor of production which does the work
land
factor of production which represents natural resources
land bridge
strip of land connecting two continents
landforms
natural features of the land's surface
latitude
imaginary grid lines on a map showing distance north or south of the equator
Legalism
belief that people were bad by nature and needed to be controlled
legend
map key
legislative branch
branch of government which makes the laws
longitude
imaginary grid lines on a map showing distance east or west
lords
people of high rank who owned land but owed loyalty to their king
maize
corn
masonary
stonework
meditation
deep, continued thought that focuses the mind on spiritual ideas
merchants
traders
meridian
lines of longitude
Messiah
in Judaism, a new leader that would appera among the Jews and restore the greatness of ancient Israel
method
means or manner of accomplishing something
metropolis
large city and the surrounding areas
migrate
to move to a new place
missionaries
people who work to spread religious beliefs
monarch
ruler of a kingdom or empire
monarchy
kingdom or empire
monotheism
belief in only one god
monsoon
seasonal wind pattern that causes wet and dry seasons
mosque
building for Muslim prayer
Muslim
follower of Islam
noble
rich and powerful person
nonviolence
avoidance of violent actions
oasis
wet, fertile area within a desert
obelisk
tall, pointed, four-sided pillar in ancient Egypt
observatories
buildings used to study astronomy; Mayan priests watched the stars from these buildings
papyrus
long-lasting, paper-like material made from needs that the ancient Egyptians used to write on