Terms in this set (26)

Clinical psychologist-Assesses and treats mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.
Counseling psychologist- Assesses and treats mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders but usually disorders that are of lesser severity.
Psychiatrist-Has expertise in the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of mental and emotional disorders. Often has training in psychotherapy. May prescribe medications, electroconvulsive therapy, or other medical procedures.
Psychoanalyst-Usually a psychiatrist or clinical psychologist who has received additional training in the specific techniques of psychoanalysis, the form of psychotherapy originated by Sigmund Freud.
Licensed Professional Counselor- Master's degree in counseling, with extensive supervised training in assessment, counseling, and therapy techniques. May be certified in specialty areas.
Psychiatric social worker-Training includes an internship in a social service agency or mental health center.
Marriage and family therapist-extensive supervised experience in couple or family therapy. May also have training in individual therapy.
Psychiatric nurse-Typically works in a hospital psychiatric unit or in a community mental health center. May or may not have training in psychotherapy.
Medicine- only a limited number of psychologists are able to prescribe medications. However, an increasing number of clinical psychologists are involved in medication treatment decisions or have clients who are taking psychotropic medications. Recognizing the trend, the American Psychological Association(2011) released new guidelines for psychologists regarding prescription medications.
Mary Cover Jones
¥ Was student of Watson's
¥ Worked with conditioned emotional responses
¥ Developed counterconditioning
¥ Counterconditioning: Behavior therapy technique based on classical conditioning that involves modifying behavior by conditioning a new response that is incompatible with a previously learned responses
¥ Also used observational learning
Systematic Desensitization and Exposure Therapies-Exposure therapy describes several effective techniques and treatments for anxiety disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Assumption-Gradual and repeated reliving of a frightening experience under controlled conditions to help overcome fear of an object or situation and replace it with more adaptive beliefs and cognitions. Types-Systematic desensitization involving progressive relaxation, anxiety hierarchy construction, desensitization process through exposure
Virtual reality (VR) therapy consists of computer-generated scenes that you view wearing goggles and a special motion-sensitive headset. Move your head in any direction and an electromagnetic sensor in the helmet detects the movement, and the computer-generated scene you see changes accordingly. Turning a handgrip lets you move forward or backward to explore your artificial world. You can also use a virtual hand to reach out and touch objects
Aversive conditioning (Garcia)-Is relatively ineffective type of behavior therapy that Involves repeatedly pairing an aversive stimulus with the occurrence of undesirable behaviors or thoughts. Creates concerns about client harm or discomfort
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