Terms in this set (20)
A change in accounting principle is a change that occurs as the result of new information or additional experience.
Errors in financial statements result from mathematical mistakes or oversight or misuse of facts that existed when preparing the financial statements.
Adoption of a new principle in recognition of events that have occurred for the first time or that were previously immaterial is treated as an accounting change.
Retrospective application refers to the application of a different accounting principle to recast previously issued financial statements—as if the new principle had always been used.
When a company changes an accounting principle, it should report the change by reporting the cumulative effect of the change in the current year's income statement.
One of the disclosure requirements for a change in accounting principle is to show the cumulative effect of the change on retained earnings as of the beginning of the earliest period presented.
.An indirect effect of an accounting change is any change to current or future cash flows of a company that result from making a change in accounting principle that is applied retrospectively.
Retrospective application is considered impracticable if a company cannot determine the prior period effects using every reasonable effort to do so.
Companies report changes in accounting estimates retrospectively.
When it is impossible to determine whether a change in principle or change in estimate has occurred, the change is considered a change in estimate.
Companies account for a change in depreciation methods as a change in accounting principle.
When companies make changes that result in different reporting entities, the change is reported prospectively.
Changing the cost or equity method of accounting for investments is an example of a change in reporting entity.
Accounting errors include changes in estimates that occur because a company acquires more experience, or as it obtains additional information.
Companies record corrections of errors from prior periods as an adjustment to the beginning balance of retained earnings in the current period.
If an FASB standard creates a new principle, expresses preference for, or rejects a specific accounting principle, the change is considered clearly acceptable.
Companies must make correcting entries for noncounterbalancing errors, even if they have closed the prior year's books.
Counterbalancing errors are those errors that take longer than two periods to correct themselves.
For counterbalancing errors, restatement of comparative financial statements is necessary even if a correcting entry is not required.
When changing from the equity method to the fair value method, a company must eliminate the balance in Unrealized Holding Gain or Loss.
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