53 terms

8-2 PASS Review

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Salutary Neglect
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
French Indian War
Lasted seven years. The British also took land from the Indians.
French Indian War
Was a war fought by French and English on American soil over control of the Ohio River Valley-- English defeated French in 1763. Left England in debt.
Historical Significance: established England as number one world power and began to gradually change attitudes of the colonists toward England for the worse.
Sugar Act
(1764) British deeply in debt partly bc of the French & Indian War. English Parliament placed a tariff on sugar, coffee, wines, and molasses. colonists avoided the tax by smuggling and by bribing tax collectors.
Stamp Act
1765; law that taxed printed goods, including: playing cards, documents, newspapers, etc.
Tea Act
In 1773, law that let the British East Indian Company bypass tea merchants and sell directly to colonists.
Boycott
A refusal to buy or use goods and services.
Townshend Duties
Popular name for the Revenue Act of 1767 which taxed glass, lead, paint, paper and tea entering the colonies
Tariff
A government tax on imports or exports
A tax on imported goods
Boston Tea Party
Sam Adams and his men dress up as Indians and throw tea over the boat. Britain realized they were losing control.
Charleston & Georgetown Tea Parties
Protests in SC in which Tea was thrown into the ocean in response to the Boston Tea Party and British Actions.
Intolerable Acts
Passed by Parliament in 1774 in reaction to the Boston Tea Party. Passed series of measures including shutting down Boston Harbor and the Quartering Act, which allowed British commanders to house soldiers in vacant private homes and other buildings. This resulted in the colonists forming the First Continental Congress.
Continental Congress
the legislative assembly composed of delegates from the rebel colonies who met during and after the American Revolution
Delegate
A person appointed or elected to represent others
Militia
A small army made up of ordinary citizens who are available to fight in an emergency.
Natural Rights
Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness (property)
Blockade
An act of sealing off a place to prevent goods or people from entering or leaving
War of Attrition
A mobile war
Guerilla Warfare
type of fighting in which soldiers use swift hit-and-run attacks against the enemy
Siege
the surrounding of a place in order to force it to surrender
Battle of Ft. Moultrie
The original Palmetto log fort was begun in 1776 and only partially completed when attacked by a squadron of British warships. Col. William Moultrie and his men staved off the assault in the Battle of Sullivan's Island.
Battle of Saratoga
(1777) Turning point of the American Revolution. It was very important because it convinced the French to give the U.S. military support. It lifted American spirits, ended the British threat in New England by taking control of the Hudson River, and, most importantly, showed the French that the Americans had the potential to beat their enemy, Great Britain.
Battle of Charleston
British Victory/The port was attacked by blockading the harbor and supply lines until it fell to the British.
Battle of Camden
British Victory/
This early defeat of the Continental Army placed almost all of South Carolina under British control
Battle of Cowpens
Patriot Victory/
A 1781 battle in South Carolina where Americans won a important victory over the British. Partisan leader Andrew Pickens and militias worked with the Continental Army to trick British
Battle of King's Mountain
Patriot Victory/
October 7, 1780 British are driven out of the South
Battle of Eutaw Springs
the last major battle fought in South Carolina during the American Revolution. Bloody Battle on both sides.
Battle of Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War. Cornwallis and his troops were trapped in the Chesapeake Bay by the French fleet. He was sandwiched between the French navy and the American army. He surrendered October 19, 1781.
Indebt
the condition of being deeply in debt, SC was in high debt after the American Revolution.
Treaty of Paris
agreement signed by British and American leaders that stated the United States of America was a free and independent country.
Articles of Confederation
1st Constitution of the U.S. 1781-1788 (weaknesses-no executive, no judicial, no power to tax, no power to regulate trade)
Sons of Liberty
A radical political organization for colonial independence which formed in 1765 after the passage of the Stamp Act. They incited riots and burned the customs houses where the stamped British paper was kept. After the repeal of the Stamp Act, many of the local chapters formed the Committees of Correspondence which continued to promote opposition to British policies towards the colonies. The Sons leaders included Samuel Adams and Paul Revere.
Daughters of Liberty
A group of women formed in 1767 to support the boycott of British goods.
Christopher Gadsden
He was the leader of the Sons of Liberty in South Carolina and he supported independence from Great Britain
I'm known for the "Don't Tread on Me" flag. Leader of the Sons of Liberty in SC.
Thomas Lynch, Thomas Heyward, Edward Rutledge, Arthur Middleton
SC Signer of the Declaration of Independence, delegate of the second continental congress.
John Locke
17th century English philosopher who opposed the Divine Right of Kings and who asserted that people have a natural right to life, liberty, and property. Ideas are seen in the Declaration of Independence.
Patriots
American colonists who were determined to fight the British until American independence was won
Backcountry
Where did most Loyalist live in SC?
Partisans
Partisans were Patriots who fought a guerrilla war against the British regular army. They often took British
soldiers in the countryside of South Carolina by surprise in hit and run ambushes.
Role of Women
Women managed farms and plantations, served as messengers or nurses, others sacrificed their homes and fortunes to the Patriot cause. Other women were Loyalists.
Loyalist
American colonists who remained loyal to Britain and opposed the war for independence.
Tories
Another name for Loyalists
Enslaved Africans
Offered freedom in exchange for fighting for the British
Native Americans
Offered land in exchange for fighting for the British.
Francis Marion
South Carolina militia leader nicknamed the "Swamp Fox" for his hit-and-run attacks on the British during the American Revolution. Main Character in The Patriot
Thomas Sumter
A patriot who specialized in guerilla war fare. Antagonized the british during the rev. war with 2 other guys. Ft. sumter named after him. From south Carolina. Nicknamed Carolina gamecock. Became member of congress later. Born in Virginia. Most known for driving Cornwallis out of the Carolinas into Virginia.
Andrew Pickens
He was known as "The Wizard Owl". He led the Patriots to victory at the Battle of Cowpens.
Lord Cornwallis
British General who surrendered at Yorktown
George Washington
1st President of the United States; commander-in-chief of the Continental Army during the American Revolution (1732-1799)
French
Country that enters into an alliance with the Americans after the Battle of Saratoga.
Two Front War
The alliance with the French benefits the Americans because they can now use the French Navy and force the British to fight what type of war?
John Locke
The Declaration of Interdependence contains this Enlightenment Philosopher ideas:
Natural Rights, Equality, Social Contract, Civic Duty,
Four themes of the Declaration of Independence.

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