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For Montgomery's Honors English


use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse


an indirect reference to another work of literature, person, or event


drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect


the character who works against the protagonist in the story


a line spoken by an actor to the audience but not intended for others on the stage


the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words


a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation

Blank Verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)


achieved through description, thoughts, words, actions, and reactions of characters


high point of interest or suspense


spoken or written communication that seeks to imitate informal speech


opposition in a work of drama or fiction between characters or forces (especially an opposition that motivates the development of the plot)


repetition of consonant sounds in succsesive words


a variety of speech characterized by its own particular grammar or pronunciation, often associated with a particular geographical region


style of speaking or writing as dependent upon choice of words

Elizabethan Sonnet

a sonnet consisting three quatrains and a concluding couplet in iambic pentameter with the rhyme pattern abab cdcd efef gg

Epic Simile

A simile developed over several lines of verse, esp. one used in an epic poem.


any word or phrase applied to a person or thing to describe an actual or attributed quality


introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation (the beginning of a story)

Falling Action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution

Figurative Language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.


a scene or event from the past that appears in a narrative out of chronological order, to fill in information or explain something in the present

Flat Character

a character who is not very well developed; has few identifiable characteristics


a character whose personality and attitude contrast sharply with those of another


the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in a plot

Free Verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme


particular variety of art or literature

Heroic Couplet

a couplet consisting of two rhymed lines of iambic pentamenter and written in an elevated style


a figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express strong emotion, make a point, or evoke humor

Iambic Pentameter

a common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable


description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste) and creates a specific image in the mind.


The use of words to convey a meaning that is the opposite of its literal meaning

Dramatic Irony

(theater) irony that occurs when the meaning of the situation is understood by the audience but not by the characters in the play

Situational Irony

an outcome that turns out to be very different from what was expected

Verbal Irony

A figure of speech in which what is said is the opposite of what is meant


vocabulary distinctive to a particular group of people

Literal Language

A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.

Magic Realism

genre of meticulously realistic painting of imaginary scenes and fantastic images


a comparison without using like or as


substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'head-count' instead of 'people-count)


the overall emotion created by a work of literature


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work


using words that imitate the sound they denote


conjoining contradictory terms (as in 'deafening silence')


apparently contradictory statement


A figure of speech in which an object or animal is given human feelings, thoughts, or attitudes


the story that is told in a novel or play or movie etc.

Poetic Devices

terms used to describe features of a poem

Point of View

a mental position from which things are viewed


the principal character in a work of fiction. the main character.


a humorous play on words


End of the story where loose ends are tied up

Rising Action

events leading up to the climax

Round Character

a character who is well developed by the author and who many characteristics. complex, many sided.


arrangement of scenery and properties to represent the place where a play or movie is enacted


comparison using like or as


speech you make to yourself


the arrangement of words in a way that best expresses the author's individuality, idea, intent


anything that stands for or represents something else


A figure of speech in which a part of something stands for the whole (or less frequently the whole stands for one of its parts.)


the grammatical arrangement of words in sentences. sentence structure.


a unifying idea that is a recurrent element in a literary or artistic work


the quality of something (an act or a piece of writing) that reveals the attitudes and presuppositions of the author


a statement that is restrained in ironic contrast to what might have been said

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