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Basic Science Terms
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Terms in this set (16)
a systematic process in which current knowledge and skills are used to gain and apply new knowledge
A proposed, scientifically testable explanation for an observed phenomenon.
the factor that is tested in an experiment; the factor that is intentionally changed by the experimenter.
factors that are kept the same in all trials of an experiment to ensure that an experiment is "fair."
the group or setup of an experiment that is given no special treatment; it is used for comparison.
information that has been objectively verified through direct observation
a statement of observed experimental facts that generalizes a body of observations. It has been tested many times and is generally accepted as true. At the time it is made, no exceptions have been found to a law. It explains things but does not describe them; serves as the basis of scientific principles.
A concept based on scientific laws and axioms (rules assumed to be true and valid) where general agreement is present.
a description or representation of something (physical model, mathematical model, conceptual model, computerized model) that helps us study or understand it better
The combination of components and processes that serve a common function.
the factor that is measured in an experiment; it may or may not change as a result of changing the independent variable.
A set of interacting or interdependent components, real or abstract, that form an integrated whole. (Ex: a car, a rollercoaster, the human body)
a system that is able to interact with its environment.
a system that is isolated from its environment.
a group of related objects that make up a larger system (examples: a car's fuel system or sound system; the body's excretory system or digestive system)