25 terms

4th Term US History Final Review

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John Brown
Abolitionist who attempted to raid Harper's Ferry in order to arm slaves and lead a revolt
Frederick Douglass
Former slave who traveled throughout the North speaking about the evils of slavery
Primary cause of the Compromise of 1850
California wanted to become a free state.
Fugitive Slave Act
Made Northerners assist in the capture of fugitive slaves from the South
Harriet Tubman
Most famous conductor on the "underground railroad". Her face will soon replace Jackson on the $20
Popular sovereignty
The people of the territory decided whether a territory would be a free or slave territory.
"Bleeding Kansas"
Mob violence in Kansas over the issue of slavery
Impact of slavery on expansion in United States
Almost every time the US expanded in the 1800's, the issue of slavery divided the nation.
"Uncle Tom's Cabin"
A book written by Harriet Beech Stowe that told about the horrors of slavery in the South. It was a best seller and cased people to demand an end to slavery.
Dred Scott decision
Dred Scott was considered property because he was a slave, so he was denied his freedom even though he was residing in the North where slavery was banned.
Quakers
They were a religious group that believed that all men are created equal. They fought against slavery and were the earliest abolitionists.
Underground Railroad
A network of homes and trails that assisted runaway slaves to escape from slavery
Dorothea Dix
A social reformer that went undercover to expose the terrible conditions of America's prisons and the treatment of the mentally ill.
Lincoln election to be President
The last straw that immediately caused the secession of seven southern states from the US.
South Carolina
The first state to secede from the Union.
Secession
The formal withdrawal or separation from a federation or group of states; breaking away
Confederate States
Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Texas, Arkansas and Tennessee.
Fort Sumter, South Carolina
The first shots were fired at Fort Sumter when a state fired on a federal fort. This began the Civil War.
Robert E. Lee
Lee was first invited by Lincoln to lead the Northern troops, but instead led the Southern troops because he did not want to fight against his home state of Virginia
First Battle of Bull Run
The Union was easily beaten by the Confederates. Spectators with picnics blocked the path of retreating Union troops
Union troop (North) advantages
Larger population, more railroads, more manufacturing, stronger navy, stronger banking system
Confederate troop (South) advantages
Better military leaders, more knowledge of the land, defending their homeland, slaves could do manual labor
Union strategy to win the war
Blockade the coast, control the Mississippi River, and capture the Southern capital, Richmond.
Monitor and Merrimack
First ironclad ships. Used to fight in the Civil War. This ended fighting with wooden ships.
George McClellan
Union general that trained his men but was overly cautious to fight and take them into battle. This gave the Confederates the advantage.
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