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we transform what we perceive, think, or feel into an enduring memory. Memories are made by combining info we already have with new info coming in.
storage holding non-sensory info for more than a few seconds but less than a minute
a major excitatory neurotransmitter involved in information transmission throughout the brain, used in memory
they influence the flow of information between neurons by controlling the initiation of LTP in most hippocampal pathways.
a possible source of the formation of memories; improvement in a neuron's ability to transmit caused by repeated stimulations
a clue, prompt, or hint that helps trigger recall of a given piece of information stored in long-term memory
encoding specificity principle
the idea that a retrieval cue can serve as an effective reminder when it helps re-create the specific way in which information was initially encoded
the tendency for information to be better recalled when the person is in the same state during encoding and retrieval
the idea that memory is likely to transfer from one situation to another when the encoding context of the situations match
a process by which retrieving an item from long-term memory impairs subsequent recall of related items
The part of explicit memory that stores general information such as names and facts.
the tendency to exaggerate differences between what we feel or believe now and what we felt or believed in the past
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