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US History Test #20-hemby

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"Double V"
The Pittsburgh Courier argued that African Americans should join the war effort in order to achieve a double victory over Hitler's racism and racism at home in a campaign called
military equipment
The automobile industry was unique suited to the mass production of
combat
During World War II, the Army enlisted women for the first time, although they were barred from
Office of War Mobilization
What did Roosevelt establish in 1943 to settle arguments between different agencies concerning production of goods for the war?
Dwight D. Eisenhower
On November 8, 1942, the American invasion of North African began under the command of General
Midway
In June 1942, decoded Japanese messages alerted the United States to the Japanese attack on
radar
The Battle of the Atlantic slowly turned in favor of the Allies, in part due to new technology, including depth charges, sonar, and
Bracero Program
To help farmers in the Southwest overcome the labor shortage, the government introduced the
internment camps
In 1942 Secretary of War Henry Stimson declared most of the West Coast a military zone and ordered all people of Japanese ancestry to evacuate to
the Sunbelt
Taken together, the growth of southern California and the expansion of cities in the Deep South created a new industrial region called
the Philippines
One part of the American plan for the defeat of Japan called for General MacArthur's troops to advance through the Solomon Islands, capture the north coast of New Guinea, and then retake
oil shortage
The bombing campaign between January 1943 and May 1945 did not destroy Germany's economy or undermine German morale, but it did destroy many aircraft factories, wrecked the railroad system, and caused a severe
Guadalcanal
General MacArthur's campaign in the southwest Pacific began with the invasion of
United Nations
In 1944, at the Dumbarton Oaks Estate in Washington, D.C., delegates from 39 countries met to discuss a new
V-J Day
Faced with the massive destruction caused by atomic bombs and the shock of the Soviets joining the war, the Japanese emperor ordered his government to surrender on August 15, 1945 was called
D-Day
The day of the invasion of France
Bataan Death March
When 78,000 prisoners of war were forced to march 65 miles
kamikaze
Japanese pilots who flew one way missions
amphtrac
An amphibious tractor used to get soldiers on islands past coral reef
Okinawa
Allies captured this island in order to have a base for an invasion of Japan