Upgrade to remove ads
Church History Chapters 3, 4, 5
As always, brought to you by the Holy Rollers (E BlocK)
Terms in this set (62)
Name three ancient patriarchs.
Rome in Europe, Alexandria in Egypt, Constantinople in Asia Minor, Antioch in Asia Minor, and Jerusalem in the Middle East.
What was the common language of the Church in the East? Of the Church in the West?
The common language in the East was Greek, Latin in the West.
Describe a difference in how the Eastern and Western Churches viewed the liturgy.
Eastern churches viewed liturgy as the event when the opinion of humans and God was most evident. Western churches tended to view liturgy as a celebration of the Paschal Mystery. Christ accomplished the work of salvation. (I'm not sure if this is correct)
What led Muhammad to preach the religion of Islam?
Muhammad received a message from God telling him to call people back to strict monotheism. Muhammad is the founder of the Islam religion and chief prophet. He gave submission to Allah, which is the Supreme God of Islam.
What was the result of the Battle of Tours?
Defeated Muslim forces, stopping them from entering Europe.
Why did Dionysius Exiguus decide to create the Christian calendar?
Dionysius Exiguus believed that the calander should be based on Christian events instead of the founding of Rome.
What is a basillica?
A greek word meaning kings hall"; currently the term is used to designate a certain church of historical significance that continues to play an important role in the religious life of a particular religion
According to legend, what led Pope Gregory I to seek the conversion of the Angles?
I don't know. :(
What practice did Saint Columban and other Irish monks introduce to the Church?
They spread private penance to the mainland of England which became the recognized form of the sacrament of reconciliation.
According to legend, what did Saint Boniface do to convince non-Christians to convert?
Boniface cut down a sacred tree, the German people believed that Thor would strike him down, but when he didn't, the German people were drawn to Christianity.
What did Venerable Bede write about?
He wrote the first true book of assault on history. "Ecclesiastical History of the English People."
Describe three differences that occurred after Christianity became the religion of the Roman Empire.
The wave of enthusiasm that had sustained the Church during its home of persecutions led to great expression and growth when she found herself guiding power rather than being under its attack.
The text lists four lessons to be learned from the Arian Controversy and the Council of Nicea. Name three of these lessons.
Even with the council's decree, the Arian heresy was not stamped out for another 60 years. The disagreement regarding the three Persons of the Blessed Trinity eventually figured into the split between the Eastern Orthodox and Western Churches and in the midst of the conflict, wise leaders have emerged who clarify and keep alive the christian message.
Give two reasons why Arianism flourished in the fourth century.
Many newly baptized Christians accepted the Arian view as it was made in line with their pre-Christian concepts. They could accept God as the perfection of all things, as described in Greek thought, and Jesus as a superhero, as was found in Greek and Roman mythology.
Explain how the papacy was strengthened under Pope Damascus and Pope Leo the Great.
Pope Damascus asked Saint Jerome to translate the Bible from Hebrew to Latin and this strengthened the papacy because the common people could read the Bible. Pope Leo negotiated with Attila the Hun to spare the city and actually convinced him to do so.
Describe two contributions made by Saint Jerome, one of the Fathers of the Church,
Saint Jerome translated the Bible from Hebrew to Latin in what is known as the Vulgate. He also taught the Bible to women.
`A person who lives the monastic life, engaging in prayer, meditation, and solitude.
The term means "the greatest bridge-builder"; title for emperors and later, the pope.
Council of Nicea
Meeting of bishops in 325 that condemned Arianism and formulated the Nicene Creed.
A meeting to which all bishops of the world are invited to exercise their authority in union with the pope, the successor of Peter in addressing concerns facing the world wide church.
A term used for the papacy, identifying the pope as successor to the Apostle Peter; also known as the "Holy See."
Fathers of the Church
A designation for church leaders during the early centuries of Christianity whose teachings collectively helped to formulate Christian doctrine and practices.
Christian men who lived alone in desert territories of northern Africa and the Middle East in order to sacrifice their lives to Christ. Some women also chose this lifestyle.
A religious cult that viewed reality as a constant struggle between spirit (good) and matter (evil).
Saint Jerome's Latin translation of the Bible; the word Vulgate is derived from the same Latin root as vulgar, which originally meant "of the common people."
Why are the Middle Ages in Europe also known as Christendom?
During the Middle Ages it was impossible to separate the Church from everything else. Although the pope, bishops, priests, monks, and nuns were most directly identified with the Church, all Christians measured their lives in terms of Church beliefs and practices. Western Europe united as Christendom-- A Holy Roman Empire.
How did Charlemagne view his role as emperor?
Charlemagne signed all of his official documens, :Charles, by the will of God, Roman Emperor." He took the Christian nature of his position seriously.
In what three ways did feudalism affect the Church?
The lord of an area forced or paid soldiers and knights to fight for him, if needed. The lord in turn would offer himself as a vassal to a stronger lord or king. He would promise respect and obedience to this overlord and would pay taxes in return for protection. King -> Lord -> Knights -> Vassals -> Serfs
What events led up the East-West Schism?
For a thousand years, the Eastern Church held on to its Hellenistic tradition and Greek language. Little had changed in Eastern Church practice and few people saw the need for dramatic change. The Western Church, on the other hand, had faced different challenges that required adaption.
In what way does Christian theology support pilgrimage as a religious activity?
Christians went on pilgrimage fairly early in Church history, usually to the Holy Land to visit the places where Jesus lived and preached. History indicates that for many people during the Middle Ages, going on a pilgrimage was a major expression of their religions faith.
Christian dominated Western Europe of the Middle Ages.
Saint Thomas Aquinas' comprehensive systematic examination of Christian theology.
The official separation of the Eastern Orthodox Church and the Western Church, also referred to as the Great Schism.
Eastern Orthodox Churches
Christian Churches with origins in the Eastern Roman Empire that are not in union with the pope and Church entered in Rome.
Eastern Rite Catholic Churches
Catholic Churches whose origins were in the Eastern Roman Empire that are in union with the pope and Church centered in Rome.
A series of Church reforms under Pope Gregory VII.
A service ecclesiastical penalty that excludes the offender from taking part in the Eucharist or other sacraments.
Trials established to help curb the spread of heretical doctrines.
What was Arias's principle teaching? What was he accused of?
Arias's principle teaching was that Jesus is not truly (con substantial with) God. Accused of heresy.
What council was (majority of) the creed created at?
The council of Nicea -> Nicene Creed
What did the Manicheans believe?
Matter is evil and is in a constant struggle with God (good)
What did monophetisism teach?
Jesus only has one divine nature.
Who wrote confessions?
What did the city of God address?
The fall of the Roman empire to northern tribes.
What happened during 476CE .
The middle ages, the fall of the ROman Empire
Why is Charlamegne called the 2nd Constantine?
Formed all of Europe into a family of faith.
Charlamegne believed he had authority over the church.
Vassals are subject to someone else in feudalism.
The practice of kings or lords naming Church leaders.
Payment for appointment to a Church office.
According to the Truce of God, warfare was forbidden on specific days.
What happens during the conclave?
Cardinals are behind locked doors and elect the pope.
What was the iconoclastic controversy?
About the use of icons.
Scholasticism refers to what?
The use of reason to explain and organize teaching.
Rely on the charity of others.
What is the Quaran?
The book if Islam.
Who made the Hogia Sophia?
In Constantinople by Justinian.
What battles did Charles win?
Battle of Tours
migration or journey of the Islamic prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in 622. Beginning of Muslim calendar. First time people of entire community dedicated Muslim.
First Holy Roman Emporer
How long was Thriller a #1 hit?
How many championships do tte Chicago Bulls have?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Church History Exam 1
Church History Ch7
Chapter 3 RC Church History Review
Church History Final
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
CWC Unit 2 Vocabulary
Chapter 6 Religion, Religion Test Jeopardy
CWC Unit2: Vocab
Church History Final
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
CJ 304- Overview of Victimization & Victimology Qu…
CJ304 Quiz 1 Victimology
CJ 103 - Intro to Law and Justice Exam 3 STUDY GUI…
CJ 103 - Intro to Law and Justice Exam 2 STUDY GUI…