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RCHS Constitution Exam Prep

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What was our nation's first Constitution?
Articles of Confederation
On what date was our nation's Constitution signed?
17 September 1787
Where did the Constitutional Convention meet?
Philadelphia
Who was the presiding officer of the
Constitutional Convention?
George Washington
Who is said to be the "Father of the Constitution"?
James Madison
How many members are there in the United States House of Representatives?
435
How many seats does Illinois currently have in the US House of Representatives?
18
What is the term of office for the US House of Representatives?
2 years
What is the minimum number of Electoral Votes needed in order to become President?
270
How many members are there in the United States Senate?
100
What is the term of office for a US Senator?
6 years
What day does Congress begin its term?
January 3rd
What is the primary duty of the Legislative Branch?
Make Laws
How long must a candidate for President be a citizen of the United States?
Must be Natural Born
How do we determine the number of the electoral votes a state receives?
Number of seats in Congress
(House + Senate = Electoral Votes)
What is the term of office for a President?
4 years
What is the maximum number of years a person may serve as President of the US?
10 years
At noon on what date does the President take office?
January 20th
How many electoral votes are there total?
538
Who takes over is something happens to the President...
Vice President
In order to be a President of the United States, a candidate must be at least _____ years old.
35 years old
Who lives in the White House?
The President
Which has a minimum age of 25 years old to be elected?
US House of Representatives
Which has a minimum age of 30 years old to be elected?
US Senate
Who is the Commander in Chief of the military?
President
Has veto power over all legislation passed by Congress
President
Has the sole power to try impeachment cases?
US Senate
Has a Speaker as the presiding officer
US House of Representatives
Primary function is to pass bills into laws
Congress
Has the sole power of impeachment
US House of Representatives
Most Presidential appointment are approved by the
Senate
Who is required to give the State of the Union address?
President
What is the primary duty of the Executive Branch?
Enforce or Execute the laws
How many members are there to the President's Cabinet?
15
Who is the Current President of the US
Donald J. Trump
Who are the US Senators for Illinois
Dick Durbin and Tammy Duckworth
Who is the current Vice President
Mike Pence
Who is the Representative of Illinois' 15th District
John Shimkus
Who is the current Speaker of the House
Paul Ryan
Who is the current President Pro-Tempore of the Senate
Orrin Hatch
Who is the current US Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson
Who was the first President to be impeached
Andrew Johnson
Who was the last President to be impeached
William "Bill" Clinton
Who is the only President to resign is position
Richard Nixon
What do we call a proposed law
a bill
After a bill is introduced into one of the houses of Congress, the bill is sent to the
appropriate standing committee
Before a law can be sent to the President it must go through a
Conference Committee to work out differences
What is it called when a President holds a bill for 10 days w/o action and Congress is not in session?
Pocket Veto
An amendment to the Federal Constitution is ratified when _____ of the state legislatures approve.
3/4
Richland County is in what Congressional District?
Illinois 15th
Which is considered to be the Highest Court in the land?
US Supreme Court
Who appoints all Federal Court Judges?
the President
How many justices are supposed to sit on the US Supreme Court?
9
(1 Chief and 8 associate)
Which Federal Courts act as regular trial courts?
US District Court
Who has the right to admit new states in to the Union?
Congress
The term of office for a Federal Court justice is
Life
An amendment may be proposed when _____ of both houses of Congress deem it necessary.
2/3
Which amendment gives citizens the right to keep and bare arms?
2nd
What amendment outlawed slavery?
13th
The President is limited to two terms or a maximum of 10 years by which amendment?
22nd
According to the ____ amendment, you do not have to testify against yourself in a court of law.
5th
What amendment says a person cannot be tried for the same crime twice?
5th (Double Jeopardy)
What amendment guarantees the right to a trial by jury in all civil cases where the damages exceed $20?
7th
Which of the amendments deals with Presidential succession?
25th
This amendment guarantees the right to a peaceful assembly.
1st
What amendment changed the dates by which congress and the President begin their terms of office?
20th
Which amendment states that the accused has the right to be confronted by the witnesses against them?
6th
What amendment outlawed the sale of liquor?
18th
Which amendment made a tax based on a persons income legal?
16th
Which amendment repealed prohibition?
21st
What amendment gave women the right to vote?
19th
Which amendment gave 18 years old the legal voting age?
26th
(IL CONST) When did Illinois become a state?
3 December 1818
(IL CONST) What rank is Illinois in the union?
21st State
What are the three cities that have served as Illinois' state capitols
Kaskaskia, Vandalia, Springfield
What are the dates of Illinois's four state constitutions
1818, 1848, 1870, 1970
(IL CONST) Who was the first governor of Illinois?
Shadrach Bond
(IL CONST) What do we call the Legislature in Illinois?
General Assembly
(IL CONST) What are the qualifications to be in the House and Senate in Illinois?
21 years old, 2 year resident of district, US citizen
(IL CONST) How many Legislative Districts are there in Illinois?
59
(IL CONST) What Legislative District do we live in?
55th
(IL CONST) How many Representative Districts are there in Illinois?
118
(IL CONST) What Representative District do we live in?
109th
(IL CONST) What is the term of office for a State Senator?
4 years (IL Con)
(IL CONST) What is the term of office for a State Representative?
2 years (IL Con)
(IL CONST) What type of vote is necessary to override the Governor's veto?
3/5
(IL CONST) How long does the General Assembly have to send a bill, once it has been passed, to the Governor?
30 days
(IL CONST) How many days does the Governor have to act on a bill sent to him by the General Assembly?
60 days
(IL CONST) What are the terms of office for members of the Executive Branch in Illinois?
4 years
(IL CONST) Who is the head of the Executive Branch?
the Governor
(IL CONST) Who is second in command of the Executive Branch?
Lt. Governor
(IL CONST) What are the three levels of state courts?
Supreme, Appellate, Circuit
(IL CONST) What is the term of office for the Illinois State Supreme Court Justices?
10 years
(IL CONST) How many counties are there in Illinois?
102
(IL CONST) What are the qualifications to be a judge in Illinois?
Licensed attorney, resident of district, US Citizen
(IL CONST) How long do you need to be a resident of Illinois to vote in Illinois?
live in the state for 30 days prior to the election
(IL CONST) Where do you go to register to vote in Illinois?
County Court House or DMV
(IL CONST) What is the largest city in Illinois?
Chicago
(IL CONST) What city is our county seat?
Olney
(IL CONST) What is the official state animal?
White tail deer
(IL CONST) What is the official state flower?
violet
(IL CONST) What is the official state fish?
bluegill
(IL CONST) What is the official state tree?
white oak
(IL CONST) What is the official state insect?
monarch butterfly
Who is Illinois' current governor
Bruce Rauner
Who is Illinois' current Lt Governor
Evelyn Sanguinetti
Who is Illinois' current Attorney General
Lisa Madigan
Who is Illinois' current Secretary of State
Jesse White
Who is Illinois' current Comptroller
Susana Mendoza
Who is Illinois' current Treasurer
Michael Frerichs
Who is our current state Representative (109th District)
David Reis
Who is our current state Senator (55th District)
Dale Righter
The starred part of the flag is known as the
Union
A flag should only be flown at night if it has...
Its own light source
The flag should be in the ______ of a procession and centered.
front
Elastic Clause
Allows for the expansion of the Constitution without changing its language
Gerrymandering
The drawing of district boundaries for political advantage.
Establishment Clause
Declares that government can't take actions that create an official religion
Judicial Review
Allows the Supreme Court to review lower court cases.
Bicameral
Refers to a two house legislature
Quorum
The minimum number of members needed to conduct business
Due Process
Government must follow guidelines to protect individual rights.
Double Jeopardy
You cannot be tried twice for the same crime
Amendments
Actually changes the language of the constitution.
Constituents
The people of a particular geographic area represented by a law making body
The General Election is held on...
The first Tuesday following the first Monday in November during even numbered years.