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HIS Andrew Jackson Expanding Nation Final
Terms in this set (30)
During the Market revolution, what where the good things about improvements in transportation?
goods and information was shared faster and products became more collective
what were some inventions in transportation to make it easier and faster? who funded transportation?
steamboats, canals and private railroads; There was no federal funding toward transportation only national roads; Baltimore and wheeling invested instead
During the Market revolution, what did the British invest in?
building factories in the north and northeast of the U.S. South remained agrarian
while manufacturing was expanding, what was it more convenient to hire young women? what factory had the largest women employs in the factory?
because you didn't have to pay them much; in Lowell, Massachusetts 8 different cotton mills hired 5000 women
because women saw the expansion of manufacturing as an opportunity for autonomy, what did they do? what did it lead to?
women strikes to get higher pay. Eventually this led to women getting replaced by immigrants
What was different about the election of 1828 from the previous elections?
The popular vote was going to choose the president so there was a new style of campaigning to get more popular like rallies, picnics, banquets, and partisan newspaper
What happened to the party system during the election of 1828? what where the two candidates adams and jackson perceived as by their character?
the party system solidified by whigs and democrats and seen as an identity; adams was perceived as an aristocrat and Jackson as a hot head
After Jackson won the election of 1828 what is he known as? What did Jackson create in the cabinet?
the "common man's" president.; encouraged beginning of spoils system where he appointed people in cabinet who where loyal to him even if they didn't know what they were doing.
What did jackson favor in government and what were his first demands?
he favored a small government and he had a liberal use of veto power. He wanted to quickly expand to the west
because of industry growing, what two spheres where created?
the public sphere and the private sphere
What was referred to as the public sphere?
it was the husband status which was the world of work, increasingly outside of home, bringing in cash and politics
What was referred to as the private sphere?
it was the wife status which was the housework (Invisible industry) and taking care of the children
during the Jacksonian culture, what was the new need in market economy? who were they funded by?
education for children, they taught reading, writing, and simple math (The 3 Rs);;, mainly funded by the states
Who benefited the most from the new education for children?
young women because they gained literacy. even though it was hard for them to find jobs, they could still be teachers
what was a concern for parents about the new industrialization and schools?
it was a moral concern because children were not being supervised as much as they used to due to more schools and apprenticeships
During the 1820s-1830s, what encouraged the second great awakening? what did many americans do?
encouraged by cultural shifts and industrialization (too much change). ; revival meetings and doubling of church memberships
What did many americans see their religious status as during the second great awakening?
What was the Temperance movement caused by? who was it led by and what did this man create?
because of the rise of the saloon culture in the 1830s and alcohol.; Lyman Beecher, created the American Temperance Union
What was the main concern of the Temperance movement? What is the "temperance swear"
that alcohol increases poverty, crime, and family violence;; I will never drink again
What were some good things about saloons?
it wasn't just a place for alcohol, it was also a community and a place where you could get a free lunch
What was a concern of the private sphere and what did they want to do?
prostitution, a moral problem for the private sphere because men would spend money on brothels and bring back women diseases
What did the New York Female Reform Society do about the issue of prostitution?
the published the advocate of moral reform which was the first women newspaper to condemn brothels and seduction
What was " The Liberator"?
a book by William Loyd Garrison who published stories of former slaves and their hardships.
What was another problem that was rallied behind the issue of abolition?
that women joined and also advocated for women rights
What was the problem with native americans, what did jackson advocate for?
if native americans could be americanized? most agreed they couldn't (treated as foreigners); Jackson advocated for removal of indians
What were the main points of the indians removal act?
-give mourning indians $500,000 to move to Oklahoma
-Expand west of Mississippi
What did the Cherokee indians do that was different from all the other indian groups? What was the outcome?
They took Georgia to the Supreme court; Supreme court ruled that Cherokee did not have to be moved by the U.S and they are not subject to the law because of their distinctive community
Why where the Cherokee relatively civilized?
they had a constitution and laws, the had houses and cotton farming, they also were christians, got married, and dressed well.
Because Jackson was furious of the Supreme court outcome, what did he do?
pressed for the removal of the cherokee. federal troops deported the cherokee to oklahoma
What is the trail of tears?
-caused by jackson's removal of the cherokee
-1200 mile walk to Oklahoma
-1/4 died in route
-poor supplies and conditions
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