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Terms in this set (52)
an act or habit of misusing words ridiculously, especially by the confusion of words that are similar in sound.
ex) the children like to ride the casserole when they go to the park.
the language, especially the vocabulary, peculiar to a particular trade, profession, or group: medical jargon.
Rhetoric . the omission of conjunctions, as in "He has provided the poor with jobs, with opportunity, with self-respect."
Between hot and cold, the miranym would be room temperature.
Between convex and concave, the miranym would be flat.
less informal than colloquialism. It is used only by certain groups - like teenagers or people of certain professions. For example:
Stinks - for "is bad"
Buzz off - for "go away"
Salad dodger - an obese person
informal language used by people in every day speech. Its form is distinct to certain people and lends them their identity. Colloquialism may be words, phrases, or complete aphorisms. For example:
Word - gonna
Phrase - what's up?
Aphorism - the rich get richer and the poor get poorer
a branch of philosophy that investigates the origin, nature, methods, and limits of human knowledge.
a form of speech in which a key word is repeated and used in a different, and sometimes contrary, way for a play on words, as in The craft of a politician is to appear before the public without craft.
the derivation of a word. Synonyms: word origin, word source, derivation, origin.
the sign ('), as used: to indicate the omission of one or more letters in a word, whether unpronounced, as in o'er for over, or pronounced, as in gov't for government; to indicate the possessive case, as in man's; or to indicate plurals of abbreviations and symbols, as in several M.D.'s, 3's.
opposition; contrast: the antithesis of right and wrong.
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.
a symbolism device where the meaning of a greater, often abstract, concept is conveyed with the aid of a more corporeal object or idea being used as an example. Usually a rhetoric device, suggests a meaning via metaphoric examples. ex) Faith is like a stony uphill climb: a single stumble might send you sprawling but belief and steadfastness will see you to the very top.
embellishes the sentence by adding more information to it in order to increase its worth and understandability.
ex) Original sentence- The thesis paper was difficult. After amplification- The thesis paper was difficult: it required extensive research, data collection, sample surveys, interviews and a lot of fieldwork.
the writer jumbles up parts of the word to create a new word ex) "debit card" is "bad credit"
the order of the noun and the adjective in the sentence is exchanged. ex) He spoke of times past and future, and dreamt of things to be.
fancy word for personification. ex) the raging storm brought with it howling winds and fierce lightening.
a concise statement that is made ina matter of fact tone to state a principle or an opinion that is generally understood to be a universal truth. ex) upon seeing the shoddy work done by the employee the boss told him to "either shape up or ship out."
a reference to a concept, a person or an object that has served as a prototype of its kind and is the original idea that has come to be used over and over again. ex) Romeo and Juliet are an archetype of eternal love and star-crossed love story.
author purposely leaves out conjunctions in the sentence, while maintaining the grammatical accuracy of the phrase. ex) read, write, learn.
basing a plot happening or event on a faction of the Bible. ex) The Vedas serve as a tool for the Bibliomancy to the Hindus while Muslims rely on the Koran.
the author bases the plot on the overall growth of the central character throughout the timeline of the story. ex) Scarlet O'Hara in Gone With the Wind experiences immense personal growth as she learns the value of friends and hard work under duress, without compromising her own dreams.
the use of words and phrases that imply strong, harsh sounds within the phrase. ex) his fingers rapped and pounded the door, and his foot thumped against the yellowing wood.
involves creating a fracture of sorts within a sentence where the two separate parts are distinguishable from one another yet intrinsically linked to one another. ex) Mozart- oh how your music makes me soar!
a rhetoric figure of speech is utilized. it has two fractions in the whole phrase/ prose/ paragraph and these two fractions are in sync with another. the second fraction is arranged in a syntactically tuned form with respect to the first. ex) You can take the patriot out of the country but you cannot take the country out of the patriot
a form of writing where the writer uses exaggeratedly long and complex sentences in order to convey a meaning that could have otherwise been conveyed through a shorter, much simpler sentence. Involves stating an idea or a view in an indirect manner that leaves the reader guessing and grasping at the actual meaning. ex) Instead of writing "he arrived for dinner at 8 pm" the author writes, "8 pm was when he reached the dinner party".
the intended meaning is not stated clearly and is instead conveyed through indirect means. ex) and once again, the autum leaves where falling.
expressing a meaning or the significance of a part of a story in a straightforward, clear-cut manner. ex) he packed his bags and made his way out of the house, leaving his old life behind forever.
the distinctive tone or or tenor of an author's writings. ex) certain writers in the modern day and age use archaic terms such as 'thy', 'thee' and 'wherefore' to imbue a Shakespearean mood to their work.
refers to a character in the story that is actually a counterfeit or a copy of a real/genuine character.ex) Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
a form of writing, mostly poetry, where the author describes another work of art, usually visual. ex) A photograph of an empty landscape can convey desolation, abandon and loss. Similarly, one can convey the same sentiments and concepts by using phrases such as 'an empty doorway' or 'a childless nursery'.
usually used to add to a person or place's regular name and attribute some special quality to the same. Become a common parlance over time ex) "Alexander the Great"
The failure to maintain a balance in grammatical forms wherein similar grammatical forms recieve dissimilar/unequal weight. ex) on the TV show the Simpsons, lead character Bart Simpson says, "they are laughing, not with me".
the author creates a character whose primary purpose is to create a contrast to another character by laying emphasis or drawing attention to the latter's traits and characteristics through the former's obviously contradictory ones. ex) In the popular book series, Harry Potter, the character of Hogwarts principal Albus Dumbledore, who portrays 'good', is constantly shown to believe in the power of true love (of all forms and types) and is portrayed as a strong, benevolent and positive character while the antagonist Lord Voldemort, who depicts the evil and 'bad' in the series is constantly shown to mock and disbelieve the sentiment of love and think of it as a foolish indulgence, a trait that is finally his undoing.
an overly arrogant character, where the character has seemed to allow reality slip away from them.
the author plays with the regular positioning of words and phrases and creates a differently structured sentence to convey the same meaning. ex) "Alone he walked on the cold, lonely roads". This sentence is a variation of the more conventional, "He walked alone on the cold, lonely roads".
forming a rhyme in only one lone line of verse. "We were the first that ever burst".
the practice of changing the conventional placement of words; a result of peculiar structuring.
the author places a person, concept, place, idea or theme parallel to another. purpose is to highlight the contrast between the two and compare them.
the author would use a twist of words, figure of speech or magic poetic phrase or a newly created compound sentence or phrase to refer to a person, object, place action or idea ex) battle-sweat=blood
a situation of poetic justice wherein the positive characters are rewarded and the negative characters are penalized.
the use of concepts/ ideas that are contradictory to one another, yet, when placed together they hold significant value on several levels. ex) high walls make not a palace; full coffers make not a king.
the author ascribes the human feelings of one or more of his/her characters to non-human objects or nature or phenomena. ex) The softly whistling teapot informed him it was time for breakfast.
the use of excessive language and surplus words to convey a meaning that could otherwise be conveyed with fewer words and in more direct a manner. ex)Instead of simply saying "I am displeased with your behavior", one can say, "the manner in which you have conducted yourself in my presence of late has caused me to feel uncomfortable and has resulted in my feeling disgruntled and disappointed with you".
the process of using conjunctions or connecting words frequently in a sentence, placed very close to one another, as opposed to the usual norm of using them sparsely, only where they are technically needed. ex) Saying "here and there and everywhere", instead of simply saying "here, there and everywhere".
the practice of joining together two or more words in order to create an entirely new word. ex) smog and liger
the practice of interchanging the first letters of some words in order to create new words or even to create nonsensical words in order to create a humorous setting. ex) The phrase "flesh and blood" being spoken as a character as "blesh and flood" in urgency and heightened emotion.
a single word that influences or regulates two or more than two other words needs to be comprehended individually and in light of every particular ensuing word. ex) Jack lost his car keys and his cool. Mary was unable to keep a check on her children or her temper.
the depiction of a strong connection, link or bond between different senses. ex) The Sound of Blue by Hollu Payne which portrays synesthesia with respect to the Romantic ideal.
the actual way in which words and sentences are placed together in the writing. ex) The sentence "The man drives the car" would follow normal syntax in the English language. By changing the syntax to "The car drives the man", the sentence becomes awkward.
the quality of seeming truthfullness or verity is ascribed to a person, notion, concept, statement or event. ex) The bestseller 'Diary of Anne Frank' lent verisimilitude to the suffering of the Jewish people during the Holocaust.
a form of nonsense
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