13 terms

Basic Genetics

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genetics
study of inheritance
genotype
letter to symbolize genetic code for a trait
phenotype
describes what genotype can do or expression of geenes for a trait
dominant gene
if dominant is with a recessive, than the rescessive is silent
recessive gene
two recessive genes must be present in order for this trait to happen
alleles
different formers of the same gene
homozygous dominant
two dominant genes for a certain trait
heterozygous
a dominant gene with a recessive gene
homozygous recessive
two recessive genes for a certain trait
Law of Segration of Chromosomes
if you have Tt, during divison, T goes to one sex cell and t goes in another
traits
a notable feature or quality in a person
zygote
a fertilized female egg
Law of Independent Assortment
when two or more characteristics are inherited, individual hereditary factors assort independently