25 terms

Cold War

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Cold War
A conflict that was between the US and the Soviet Union. The nations never directly confronted eachother on the battlefield but deadly threats went on for years.
iron curtain
a political barrier that isolated the peoples of Eatern Europe after WWII, restricting their ability to travel outside the region
Truman Doctrine
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology.
Berlin Airlift
Joint effort by the US and Britian to fly food and supplies into W Berlin after the Soviet blocked off all ground routes into the city
United Nations
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation. It replaced the League of Nations.
World Bank
a United Nations agency created to assist developing nations by loans guaranteed by member governments
General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
a 1948 agreement that established an international forum for negotiating mutual reductions in trade restrictions
International Monetary Fund
An international organization of 183 countries, established in 1947 with the goal of promoting cooperation and exchange between nations, and to aid the growth of international trade.
Universal Declaration of Human Rights
A 1946 United Nations covenant binding signatory nations to the observance of specified rights.
Nationalist vs. Communist
As communism spread around the world, nationalists in the US tried to keep communism from infecting the US, too.
Protection over Rights in Crisis
Disregarding rights for protection concerning nations and conflict
atomic weapons
USA and USSR create atomic weaponry (compete for equal amounts so neither will drop "the bomb") USA (1945-1952) USSR (1949-1953)
information leaks
Instance that arises when information that had previously been guarded from the public makes its way into the media
McCarthyism
The act of accusing people of disloyalty and communism
38th parallel
Dividing line between North and South Korea
peace negotiations
peace conference began in January 1919, every nation that had fought on Allied side in war was represented, no US president had ever traveled abroad to attend a diplomatic conference, Wilson brought only Democrats, one Republican
Panmunjom
The site where the armistice was signed during the Korean War. It ended hostilities of the Korean conflict.
Kim II Sung
communist leader of North Korea, 1948-1994
City of Inchon
Songdo International City began development in 1994 and is being built on reclaimed land.
election of 1960
The American presidential election of 1960 which ended Eisenhower's two terms as President and had Nixon as the Republican candidate and Kennedy as the Democratic candidate
Cuban Missile Crisis
the 1962 confrontation bewteen US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
Bay of Pigs Invasion
failed invasion of Cuba in 1961 when a force of 1,200 Cuban exiles, backed by the United States, landed at the Bay of Pigs.
The Berlin Crisis
Awakened Americans to the harsh realities of Cold War
alliance for progress
a program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems
containment
(military) the act of containing something or someone