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unit 7 history test
Terms in this set (47)
European philosophical movement of the late 17th and 18th centuries that stressed the use of reason rather than authority of ancient philosophers or religious leaders in descriptions of society and the natural world.
The reasons for political power is to make change and keep the stability of the society. Political power cannot be endless power used over people's lives and fortunes. The past governments in Europe would use people's misfortunes and lack of understand of the government as a way to keep power.
believes the government should be divided in three groups of powers, legislative, the executive regarding the law of nations, and another executive regarding the civil law. He believes this is necessary because it allows political liberty.
Their rights goes toward the community, and when people submit to the social contract they are safe from having conditions that are unequal to the men around him. This type of setting will benefit the government into working harder for the people but this doesn't mean the people will agree with the government.
advocating for peace and equality among Europe. Previous attitudes throughout the world is one of hostility as if one can not be equal to another. To an extent yes the people who are younger definitely see each other as the same, yet people who are older than 50 some still have stigma's and views against those who are not like them.
from 1789-1799 social and political change in france that lead to the end of the monarchy and to many wars. King Louis XVI was executed and the revolution ended when napoleaon took power.
Tennis Court Oath
3rd estate broke off and formed a national assembly on a tennis court and the oath set up a way for the group to have a say in government.
Revolutionary assembly formed by member of the third estate after the failure of the estate-general. They agreed on the "Declaration of Rights of Man and of the Citizen" forcing the king to sign the assembly's constitution. f
clergy(had one vote and agreed with 1st estate out voting 3rd estate)
Storming of the Bastille
a state prison on the east side of Paris, known as the Bastille, was attacked by an angry and aggressive mob. The prison had become a symbol of the monarchy's dictatorial rule
King of France whose inability to adequately reform the french fiscal system laid the foundation for the French Revolution. After showing reluctance to rule as a constitutional monarch, Louis was arrested and beheaded by republican revolutionaries.
Married Louis XVI and enjoyed expensive items and was kicked of versaille and eventually guillotined
Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen
men are born and remain free and equal in rights that the natural and inalienable rights of man are liberty property security and resistance to oppression. That all citizens are eligible for government position s without other distinctions than that of virtues and talents and that necessary taxation must be assessed equally on all citizens in proportion to their means.
military commander who gained control o fFrance after the French Revolution. Declared himself emperor in 1804 and attempted to expand french territory but failed to defeat Great Britain and abdicated in 1814. Died in exile
a machine with a heavy blade that is used for beheading people
From 1765 -1783 when 13 american colonists rejected the British monarchy and aristocracy and refused to be ruled by Britain asking for their own independence.
Sugar and Stamp Acts
What britain was imposing taxes on sugar and stamps and america did not want they and got angry
Declaration of Independence
Document written by Thomas Jefferson justifying the separation of Britain's North American colonies, declaring them free and independent states.
Commander of the Continental Army in the American War of Independence from Britain. Also first president of the U.S.A.
agreement that created more unified national structure for the U.S.A providing for a bicameral national legislature and independent executive and judicial authority, and incorporation a Bill of Rights.
only succesful slave revolt lead by Toissaint L'Ouverture
3 Branches of Government
judicial, executive, and legislative
A former slave that lead the hatian revolution and a political leader
aristocracy(had one vote and agreed with 1st estate out voting 3rd estate)
Before the Revolution, the order of French society that included most common people
South American Revolutions
Revolutionary who was born in Venezuela and led military forces throughout present day Ecuador, Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru, becoming the most important military leader in the struggles for independence in South America. In Latin America he is known as el Libertador.
Goals, outcomes, and ties to Enlightenment for each revolution
Changes that began in the late 18th century britain and transformed the global economy by creating new markets for raw materials and finished goods. Accompanied by technological changes that revolutionized production processes, living and working conditions, and the environment.
Flying shuttle and who is it by
Using a cord that wrapped through the threads causing weaving to be more efficient and reduced the effort of labor to weave threads and it by John Kay
Spinning Jenny & James Hargreaves
The machine used eight spindles onto which the thread was spun from a corresponding set of rovings. By turning a single wheel, the operator could now spin eight threads at once. Made massive production of cotton textile possiblePlace to manufacture cloth changed from home to factories
Water Frame & Richard Arkwright
A machine that had the ability to spin four strands of cotton yarn at one time. This machine spins up to 96 strands of yarn once. The machine allowed for automation of spinning cotton. This allowed for even unskilled workers to help to spin cotton. This would eventually lead to mass production.
Spinning Mule & Samuel Crompton
It was a hybrid of a water frame and a spinning jenny. It spun textile fibers into yarn by a interment process.
It gave greater control of the weaving process Spinners could make different types of yarn, which were much finer
Cotton Gin & Eli Whitney
The cotton gin was a very simple invention. First, the cotton bolls were put into the top of the machine. Next, you turn the handle, which turns the cotton through the wire teeth that combs out the seeds. Then the cotton is pulled out of the wire teeth and out of the cotton gin.
The British inventors found ways to mechanize the spinning process to produce high quality cotton. boosting cotton production and making labor more productive and easier.
impacts of the IR
Allowed them more work and less back breaking labor
Increase in the ability to travel and to work
Worked less in textile factories than women due to cheap wages
Had to work in harsh working conditions
Women were given more work
Seen as equal to men in the working field
Hard labor working like pulling coal due to men refusing to work
Bad working conditions
With long hours and limited amounts of breaks
Received money at a young age
Supporting their family
Expected to work the same amount of hours as any other person
Working in near stark nakedness bad working conditions
Worked for multiple days with limited food and limited breaks
Dedicated to protect and support the free use of cloth dressing
Machinery allowed for mass production
Required to make mass productions under a little amount of time
Depending on the own there could be bad working conditions without the owners permission
German author and philosopher who founded the marxist branch of socialism write the communist manifesto and Das kapital. Create communism and create a society without social classes.
the idea that differences in wealth and power could be explained by the superiority of some and the inferiority of others.
A british philosopher and sociologist who was one of the principal proponents of evolutionary theory in 19th century. Created social darwinism.
"White Man's Burden"
Rodger kipling. shows how imperialism is good and hard for those being imperialist. Not acknowledging other the people in america assuming they are helping them.
A policy of extending a country's power and influence through diplomacy or military force
Scramble for Africa
was the invasion, occupation, division, colonization n of African territory by European powers during the period of New Imperialism
conference organized by the german chancellor otto von bismarck in which representatives of the major european states divided africa among themselves.
france colonized west africa
Using religion of islam and also conquered through war and power
wanted raw material and take over the kingdoms
British conquered south africa
using guns and power and wanted diamonds and raw materials
xhosa was a place who tried to fight back. the xhosa great cattle killing
Mainland and Insular S.E. Asia
France, british, and dutch colonized insular asia
French used their technology to kill opposers and used violence (pacification).
also asserted formal administrative control
resistance = slaughter
Wanted rubber, rice, sugar
Conquest and Resistance
technology helped allow the use of machine guns, steams ships letting travel to be faster
quinine allowed european to fight against african diseases like malaria
maji maji rebellion
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