Theatre 1206-02 Final

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

Opera-> (a) -> (b)
(a) Operetta
(b) Musicals
Types of musicals
Classical, Golden Age
Classical Theatre
1920's-1960's
Close to Operetta
Unity of story elements
Radio assistance
Shows of classical theatre
The King and I
My Fair Lady
Oklahoma
South Pacific
Guys and Dolls
Golden Age
1960's
Think: war, protests, civil rights
Classical shows more defined structure
Rock music begins to take over radios
Shows of Golden Age
Hello Dolly
Fiddler on the Roof
Cabaret
Bye Bye Birdie
How To Succeed...
Rock/ Concept shows
1970's
Emerging director/choreographer
New topics explored from growth
Revivals
Concept Show
plot is based around a premise,idea, or theme. The musical works to define the theme. It doesn't have to have a linear narrative.
Revival
Performing a production that has already been on Broadway
Shows of Rock/Conept
Jesus Christ Superstar, the Wiz, Grease, Chicago, A Chorus Line, .Sweeney Todd
British Invasion
1980's
British Invasion to improve Broadway
Huge special effects
Spectacle over substance
Shows of British Invasion
Les Mis, Phantom of the Opera, Cats, Miss Saigon, Into the Woods, Little Shop of Horrors
Corporate Musicals/Revues
Processes in the 90's
Creativity is getting more lost
Turning movies into musicals
Shows of Revue-Musicals
ABBA (Mamma Mia!) , Green Day (American Idiot), The Four Seasons (Jersey Boys)
Shows of Corporate Musicals
Lion King, Beauty and the Beast, Legally Blonde, Shrek, Mary Poppins
The "Other"
Cannot always be defined
New Form- hybrid of older forms
Hope and Future of Broadway
Re-emerging television musicals
Sound of Music, Peter Pan, Grease, the Wiz
Shows of the "Other"
Wicked
Avenue Q
Book of Mormon
Hairspray
In the Heights
Roger and Hammerstein
Composers
EGOT Winners
Pulitzer Prize (South Pacific)
Depiction of social issues in musicals (racism, sexism)
Oklahoma
The original book musical
Shows by Roger and Hammerstein
Oklahoma
The King and I
South Pacific
Sound of Music
Cinderella
Allegro
Stephen Sondheim
Composer
1930-present
Mentored by Hammerstein
Family struggles
Early Broadway success- no real hit until the 90's
Many concept shows
Shows by Stephen Sondheim
West Side Story
Gypsy
Sweeney Todd
Into the Woods
Frank Loesser
Composer
1910-1969
Tony Winner
Pulitzer Prize for "How to Succeed..."
Wrote the song "Baby Its Cold Outside" (academy award)
No musicals sound the same
Shows by Frank Loesser
Guys and Dolls
How to Succeed in Business Without Really Trying
Most Happy Fella
Bob Fosse
Choreographer/Director
1926-1987
Unique dancing style- Sex Appeal, Isolations
8 Tony's for choreography
1 Tony for directing
1 Academy award
Nominated for 4 Oscars
Only person to win an Emmy, Oscar, and tony for direction in the same year
Bob Fosse
Shows by Bob Fosse
Pippin
Chicago
Damn Yankees
Cabaret (movie)
Pajama Game
Jerome Robbins
5 Tony awards
2 academy awards
Believed choreography advances plot and tells the story
Shows by Jerome Robbins
Fiddler on the Roof
West Side Story
Peter Pan
The King and I
Gypsy
Susan Stroman
5 Tony Awards
Community theatre->off-Broadway->Broadway
First woman to choreograph full length ballet
Shows by Susan Stroman
Steel pier, crazy for you, big fish, bullets over Broadway, the producers
Audra McDonald
Performer
7 nominations, won 6
The BEYONCÉ of Broadway
TV and Film actress (private practice, beauty and the beast 2016)
In 2014, __________ became the most awarded woman for acting performances on the Broadway stage,ever, winning in all four acting categories
Audra McDonald
Shows with Audra McDonald
Ragtime
A Raisin in the Sun
Carousel
Porgy and Bess
Angela Lansbury
Performer
7 Tony Nominations, 5 awards
Tv and Film career (MRS. POTTS)
Career spanned over 7 decades
Shows with Angela Lansbury
Make
Gypsy
Sweeney Todd
Patti Lupone
Performer
5 Tony Nominations- 2 awards
Belted voice
DIVA: went off on audience member
Shows with Patti Lupone
Evita
Sweeney Todd
Anything Goes
Bernadette Peters
Performer
8 Tony Nominations
Runs Broadway Barks
48 years of buisness
Tv and Film career
Shows with Bernadette Peters
Into the Woods
Annie Get Your Gun
Song and Dance
Follies
Gypsy
Kelli O' Hara
Performer
6 Tony nominations
Shows with Kelli O' Hara
South Pacific
The King and I
The Pajama Game
Lin-Manuel Miranda
Actor, Singer, Rapper, Composer
Promotes ethnic diversity
Co-founded hip hop
Can rap ANYTHING
Shows by Lin-Manuel Miranda
In the Heights
West Side Story (lyric work)
Bring it On: The Musical
Hamilton
Types of designers
Set
Costume
Makeup
Light
Sound
Projections
Directors in Ancient Greece
Playwrights cast their own plays
Didiskalos-"teacher"
Chorodidiskalos- "chorus teacher" (also often the playwright)
Directors of Medieval Period
Biblical Stories
Misterium- "occupation" (aka "mystery plays")
Pageant Master
Oversaw numerous aspects of mystery plays
Auteur
Author and Director
George II, Duke of Sace-Meiningen
FIRST DIRECTOR AS WE UNDERSTAND IT
Created the MEININGER ENSEMBLE
Composer/producer in late modern era
Gesamtkhntswerk: "total work of art"
André Antoine
French
Thèâter Libre- embraced naturalism
Rehearsed with literally 4 walls
Konstantin Stanislavski
Russian
Moscow Art Theatre
"System" of "realism"-"living the part"
Director
ORGANIZATIONAL SKILLS + AESTHETIC SENSIBILITY
Craftsperson guiding other artists
Ensure unity in production: "gesamtkhntswerk"
Inspired by text, NOT explicitly in it
Director's Concept
Central idea, image, theme, etc. that unites every artistic choice
NOTHING IS ACCIDENTAL, EVERYTHING IS A CHOICE
Communicate the concept throughout the production
Make artistic decisions that support the concept
Convey mood that fits concept
Auteur vs Coach
Both trust performers, have to see the big picture, and have to work with the specific skills of the performer
Interpretation of Concept
Beyond what is literal/obvious in the text
Sanskrit Drama
From India
Appeals to senses
Stock characters
No barriers for women
Trained in vocal/physical techniques
Koodiyattam
Only surviving Ancient Sanskrit drama theatre
RASA
Emotion inspired a performer
Created by Facial expressions and gestures
9 Types of RASA
Love
Laughter
Fry
Disgust
Horror/Terror
Heroic
Wonder
Tranquility
Shadow Puppetry
China- Dynasty of Empress Ling
Non-political, great adventure and fantasy depiction
Northern vs Southern Puppetry
Northern- Pekingese
Delicate, smaller, more colorful
Southern- Cantonese
Detachable heads, larger, thicker leather
Kabuki Theatre
Japanese Dance-Drama
1603
Three main categories: historical, domestic, and dance pieces
Kabuki Makeup
White- Rice Powder
Red- Passion/Heroism
Purple- Nobility
Blue/Black- Villainy
Green- Supernatural
Noh Theatre
Japanese Musical Drama
OLDEST form of theatre
"Japanese Opera"
Codified through tradition
Movements of Modern Theatre
Realism
Symbolism
Constructivism
Dadaism
Futurism
Absurdism
Naturalism
Expressionism
Surrealism
Modern Theatre
1875-1945
Search for TRUTH
Tennessee Williams
1911-1983
Playwright, author, poet
Diphtheria
Homosexual
Expressionistic style
Influenced by Chekhov, Shakespeare,Dickinson, and Strindberg
Works by Tennessee Williams
A Streetcar Names Desire
The Glass Menagerie
A Cat On a Hot Tin Roof
Arthur Miller
1915-2005
3 marriages (one to Marilyn Monroe)
HUAC (the Crucible)
Works by Arthur Miller
All My Sons
Death of a Salesman
The Crucible
A View from the Bridge
August Wilson
1945-2005
African-American playwright
Experienced racism
Black Arts Movement
Postmodern Theatre
Aka- Contemporary theatre
1960's-present
Search for REAL
Meta Theatre
Drawing attention to its own production
1. Ceremony in a play
2. Role-playing within a play
3. Reference to reality
4. Self-reference of the Drama
5. Play within a play
Performance Art
"Concept-based"
CANNOT be repeated, captured, or purchased
Many performers use their bodies to test physical/artistic limits
Ex: Shia Leboeuf, Yoko Ono
Magical Realism
Realism established
Illogical event/element introduced
Challenge of special reasoning
May/may not offer logical reasoning
Realism > Magic
Budget lines for theatre
Rights/royalties
Salaries
Costumes
Scenery/props
Lighting/ sound
Theatre is a ____(a)____, and can therefore be very __(b)______.
(a)Business
(b) expensive
Chorêogos
Ancient Greece
Chief magistrate
Paid everything but flute player/principal actors
If performance won, there was a party with a Prize
Patronage
Rulers/nobles
"Commissioned" works for greater public
Queen Elisabeth-> patron of William Shakespeare
Contemporary theatre
In charge of business/management side of a production:"Responsible for getting an audience and show together"
Non-Profit theatre
Executive board of directors- with help of board of directors
Work under a mission statement that guides their choices
For-Profit theatre
Producer- with help of investors or "angels"
All about MONEY
Money in non-profit
Rely heavily on volunteers, even with large budgets
Money comes from three main sources:
1. Government subsidy/foundation funding
2. Individual donors
3. Ticket/ subscription funding
All of which are unstable revenue streams at best...
Broadway vs Off-Broadway vs Off-Off-Broadway
Off-Off-Broadway has less than 99 seats and is the cheapest
Off-Broadway has between 99-499 seats
Broadway has more than 499 seats and has the largest stage
Disneyfication
Making shows more appropriate for children and families