49 terms

Mr. Scheffler's US Government 1st semester final

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Democrat
Created by Andrew Jackon from the Democratic-Republican Party. America's center-left major political party.
Republican
Political party formed in 1854 by opponents of slavery. America's center-right political party.
Federalist
supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
Anti-federalist
name given to those who were against the ratification of the Constitution
Whig
American Political Party that emerged as a reaction to Andrew Jackson, favored increased tariffs, renewed National Bank, and nationalist policies
Libertarian
one who favors a free market economy and no governmental interference in personal liberties.
Democratic-Republicans
Founded by Thomas Jefferson, political party which favored states rights and weaker national government
Green Party
A third party dedicated to the environment, social justice, nonviolence, and the foreign policy of nonintervention.
An example of a theocracy
Iran
Socialist Party
Made up of several minor political parties, desires for the means of production to be controlled by the government.
One-party system example
North Korea
Two-party system example
The United States
Multi-party system examples
Germany, United Kingdom
Southern Strategy
The Southern Strategy was a term that described the Republicans' move to campaign in the south after it had broken with the Democrats over civil rights. This was the beginning of the Republican domination of the south American sees today in national politics.
US Republican, President, champion of the "New Right." Slashed taxes and greatly expanded military spending.
Ronald Reagan
Herbert Hoover
U.S. president during stock market crash, who rejected the Progressive emphasis on activist government to pursue a program of minimal business regulation, low taxes, and high tariffs; encouraged businesses to regulate themselves, his belief in "rugged individualism" kept him from giving people direct relief during the Great Depression.
Calvin Coolidge
Republican president during 1920's, accelerated the tax cutting and antiregulation policies of his predecessor; his laissez-faire policies brought short-term prosperity from 1923 to 1929.
Theodore Roosevelt
Republican president who led progressive reforms
Lyndon Johnson
Democratic President that greatly increased programs for the poor and elderly as part of his "Great Society" program.
John F. Kennedy
1960; Democrat; Cold War: Bay of Pigs, Cuban Missile Crisis; established the Peace Corps, domestic program called the "New Frontier," promoted civil rights, major supporter of the space program; assassintated by Lee Harvey Oswald in 1963
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Democratic president who created the New Deal to counter the effects of the Great Depression, including Social Security and the FDIC.
Andrew Jackson
Helped create the Democratic party out of old Democratic-Republican party. Pursued harsh policy toward Native Americans; supported minimal government and the spoils system. "Man of the people."
Abraham Lincoln
Awesome president! First Republican president.
Liberal Democracy
Ideology stressing individual rights and expressing faith in popular control of government.
Socialism
A system in which society, usually in the form of the government, owns and controls the means of production.
Mixed economy
an economy in which private enterprise exists in combination with a considerable amount of government regulation and promotion
Theocracy
A government controlled by religious leaders
Totalitarianism
The principle of complete and unrestricted power in government
Communism
A radical political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.
Constitutional Monarchy
a system of governing in which the ruler's power is limited by law or constitution
Monarchy
state ruled over by a single person, as a king or queen
Radical
Favoring drastic political, economic, or social reforms sometimes willing to restot to extreme methods to achieve change.
Conservative
A person who believes government power, particularly in the economy, should be limited in order to maximize individual freedom
Moderate
Person whose views are between conservative and liberal and may include some of both ideologies. Usually open to compromise
Independent
a voter or candidate who does not identify with a political party
Liberal
a person who generally believes the government should take an active role in the economy and in social programs but that the government should not dictate social behavior
Reactionary
strongly opposed to social or political change; opposing progress; politically ultraconservative; Favors return to "good ol'd days."
What kind of government does the US have?
Be able to give a good, educated response.
Describe the role of political parties in the US
Remember and be able to expound
I. Assist the electoral process:
a. Organize the electorate
b. Provide a broad stance on issues
c. Be a watchdog
II. Organize Government
III. Nominate Candidates
Scheffler's Graph
Be able to describe Democrats, Republicans, Libertarians, Socialists and Communists in terms of economic and social control.
Describe the government and the economic system of the country you were assigned.
Might want to review this.
An example of a Democratic Republic
The United States, Germany
An example of a failed state
Somalia, Central African Republic
An example of a Constitutional Monarchy
The UK, Japan
An example of Communist country
North Korea, Cuba, China(with elements of capitalism now allowed)
Libertarian, Green, Constitution
America's largest third parties
At least three centrist third-parties
Know this!
At least three right leaning third-parties
Know this!
At least three left leaning third-parties
Know this!