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47 terms

More infection Control

STUDY
PLAY
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T/F The elderly have a higher risk for infection than younger people.
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T/F It is normal for a person's immune system to grow weaker as he or she ages.
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T/F Blood circulation is increased as a person ages.
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T/F Limited mobility increases the risk of pressure sores and infections among the elderly.
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T/F The elderly are less likely than younger people to have nosocomial infections.
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T/F Nurses play an important role in protecting elderly patients from infections.
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T/F Redness and swelling are symptoms of a systemic infection.
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T/F Fever, chills, and mental confusion are symptoms of systemic infection.
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T/F You do not need gloves to clean up a small spill.
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T/F Proper nutrition & fluids and good health habits do not reduce the risk of infection in patients.
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T/F It is important to use the proper cleaning solution to clean up spills, & to clean them up immediately.
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T/F It is okay to use your bare hands to pick up large pieces of broken glass and use a broom and dustpan for smaller pieces.
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T/F Waste containing broken glass, blood, or body fluid should be disposed of in the facility trash can.
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T/F Waste containing broken glass, blood, or body fluid should be double-bagged.
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T/F There are no mucous membranes found on the hands.
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T/F Sweat is considered a body fluid.
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T/F SQ3R is a study method. It stands for: Survey, Question, Read, Recite, Review.
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T/F Tuberculosis can be spread when an infected person talks, coughs, or breathes.
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T/F When working with TB patients, you should follow Standard Precautions only.
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T/F Special masks that filter out particles may be needed for working with TB patients
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T/F Negative air pressure rooms, or AFB rooms, control the flow of air and keep particles from being trapped in the room.
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T/F It is important to always open and close the door quickly when entering an AFB room.
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T/F Failure to finish medication is a major factor in the spread of TB.
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A nurse must wear gloves when handling clean linen or dressings.
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T/F In Hanson's Stress Model, distress occurs when there is higher efficiency and higher stress.
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T/F Sleeplessness and forgetfulness are signs and symptoms of stress.
CAUSATIVE AGENT
A(n) ______ is a pathogen that causes disease.
RESORVOIR
A(n) ____ is a place where a pathogen lives and grows.
PORTAL OF EXIT
An opening on an infected person that lets pathogens escape is a(n)_____.
TRANSMISSION
Pathogens travel from one person to another through a mode of____.
PORTAL OF ENTRY
The ____ is an opening on an infected person that lets pathogens enter.
SUSCEPTABLE HOST
A(n) _______ is an uninfected person who could get sick.
BREAK, LINKS
At any point, if we can ____any of the ______in the infection chain, we can prevent the spread of the pathogen, thus preventing disease.
BACTERIA,VIRUSES, PROTOZOA and FUNGI
Pathogens include: __, ___, __, and__.
HANDWASHING
_____ is the best way to prevent the spread of MRSA and VRE.
DIRECT
MRSA is almost always spread by _______________________ contact.
GOWN, MASK, GOGGLES, GLOVES
The correct order in which to don PPE is: ____, ____,____,___.
Droplet Precautions
_______ May wear face masks and restrict visits
Contact Precautions
_____ Used when a disease may be transferred during resident transfer or bath.
Airborne Precautions
_____ Used to guard against tuberculosis and measles
Contact Precautions
_____ Protects against transmission by touch
Contact Precautions
_____ Prevents the spread of lice and conjunctivitis
Contact Precautions
_____ Used when the microorganisms do not travel in air
Contact Precautions
_____Used when the microorganisms do not travel more than three feet
Airborne Precautions
_____ Prevents the spread of illnesses transmitted through the air
Droplet Precautions
_____ Protects against transmission of mumps
Airborne Precautions
_____ May require the use of an N95 mask or HEPA respirator