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Chapter 8: The Middle East

STUDY
PLAY
______ is generally not considered geographically part of the "Middle East."
Afghanistan
The adhan—call to prayer—is performed ______ times per day to call Muslims to worship.
five
The European medieval lute is thought to derive from the Middle Eastern ______.
ud
The Arabic musical system—mode —used as the basis for composition and improvisation is known as ______.
maqam
The Iranian ______ is a trapezoidal hammered zither.
santur
The Persian musical system—mode —used as the basis for composition and improvisation is known as ______.
dastgah
Arabic iqa-at—rhythmic modes—focus primarily on distinctions of ______.
meter
______ are generally regarded as adherents to the "mystical" branch of Islam.
Sufis
A "whirling dervish" is a reference to a ______.
ritual dance performed by Sufis
______ denotes a kind of heightened speech that is between speaking and singing.
Cantillation