Chapter 10: Sub-Saharan Africa

Africa is often considered in three cultural zones, including the ______, ______ and ______.
Pan-Arabic, Sahel, Sub-Saharan
The three musical manifestations of the "collective community" in Sub-Saharan Africa include ______, ______, and ______.
dance, call & response, polyrhythm
______ is a typical proverb expressing the Sub-Saharan African emphasis on social identity.
"I am, because we are"
______ is the predominant type of instrumental music organization found in sub-Saharan Africa.
A "talking drum" is able to communicate by ______.
mimicking the tonal contour and speech rhythm of a language
The ______ is the primary instrument of Palm Wine "Highlife" music.
A unique aspect of pygmy music performance is the use of ______.
vocal polyrhythm
The ______ is a lamellophone, a type of idiophone with lamellae - tongues - that sound when flexed and released.
mbira dza vadzimu
As compared with other sub-Saharan African xylophone traditions, the akadinda is unique for its ______.
triple-interlocking technique
The ______ is a lute-harp, a type of chordophone common to the Mandinka people of West Africa.
The primary role of a ______ in Mandinka society - West Africa - is as an oral historian.
______ is a style of vocal ensemble performance found primarily among the Zulu of South Africa.