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Problem Solving (Chapter 12 HC)

Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (15)

Problem solving for Gestalt psychologists was about how people represent a problem in their mind and how solving a problem involves a reorganization or restructuring of its representations

1. solution of the circle problem (x = r) is obtained by first perceiving the object and then representing it in a different way which is known as restructuring (viewing the rectangles)

2. The candle problem is solved once a person realizes that the matchbox can be used as a support for the candle rather than as a container for the matches. Participants who were given the items with empty boxes were quicker at solving the problem than participants who had the box filled with matches. Example of functional fixedness.

3. The two-string problem is solved once a person uses the pliers to swing the string to them in the center. 60% didn't solve the problem because they focused on the usual function of the pliers. When given hints (e.g. showing the string swinging), insight was triggered and participants solved the problem. the solution to the problem occurred once the participants restructured their representation of how to achieve the solution and their representation of the function of the pliers.

4. for the water-jug problem, the last two problems were much simplier to figure out compared to the previous six. one group of participants were told to just solve the last two problems (no mental set). the other participants were told to go through all problems in order (mental set). results showed that participants in the mental set had a hard time solving the last two problems because they kept using previous experience from past problems.