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The Rom or Romani, colloquially known as "Gypsies," originally came from ______ and are well-known throughout Europe for their music-making.


Byzantine chant is typical of the religious singing of the ______.

Greek Orthodox church

A(n) ______ is the primary instrument used in Spanish Flamenco music.


A distinctive feature of the Russian ______ is its triangular shaped body.


The Highland pipes are the most distinctive bagpipes of ______.


The "Uillean" pipes are distinctive because ______.

the performer pumps a bellows with his elbow to fill the air bag

The sound of the hurdy gurdy is produced by ______.

turning a crank attached to a wheel to vibrate the strings

The ______ bagpipes are often used as a symbol of the British military.


Béla Bartók is a well-known composer and early ethnomusicologist noted for his transcriptions of ______ folk songs.


When Bulgarian singers perform close intervals, such as a minor or major second, they seek to create tension in the music ______.

by "ringing like a bell"

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