specialty in psychology that focuses on the interrelationships between psychological factors and physical health
post traumatic distress disorder
a psychological disorder involving a maladaptive reaction to traumatic stress.
type A behavior pattern
behavior pattern characterized by impatience, time urgency, competitiveness, and hostility
general adaptation syndrome
Selye's term for the three-stage response of the body to persistent or intense stress
first stage of the general adaptation syndrome, involving mobilization of the body's resurces to cope with an immediate stressor
fight or flight response
the body's built in alarm system that allows it to quickly mobilize its resources to either fight or flee when faced with a threatening stressor.
the second stage of the general adaptation syndrome, characterized by the body's attempt to adjust or adapt to persistent stress
the third stage of the general adaptation syndrome characterized by depletion of bodily resources and a lowered resistance to stress-related disorders or conditions.
a hormone relased by the hypthalamus that induces the pituitary gland to release adrenocorticotrophic hormone.
pituitary hormone that activates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys that produce various stess related hormones.
adrenal hormones that increase the body's resistance to stress by increasing the availabilty of stored nutirents to meet the increased engery demands of coping with stressful events.
Inner section (medulla) of each adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
substances such as bacteria and viruses that are recognized by the immune system as foriegn to the body and that induce it to produce antibodies to defend against them.
injection of a weakened or mild form of a pathogen to produce immunity withou causing a full blown infection.
cluster of traits [commitment, openness to challenge, internal locus of control] that may buffer the effects of stress