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29 terms

AP Psych Ch 15.1

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health psychology
specialty in psychology that focuses on the interrelationships between psychological factors and physical health
stress
pressure or demand placed on an organism to adjust or adapt.
distress
a state of emotional or physical suffering, discomfort, or pain
stressors
sources of stress
hassles
annoyances of daily life that impose a stressful burden
chronic stress
continuing or persistent stress
frustration
a negative emotional state that occurs when one is prevented from reaching a goal
conflict
a state of tension brought about by opposing motives operating simultnaeously
post traumatic distress disorder
a psychological disorder involving a maladaptive reaction to traumatic stress.
type A behavior pattern
behavior pattern characterized by impatience, time urgency, competitiveness, and hostility
acculturative stress
demands faced by immigrants in adjusting to a host culture
general adaptation syndrome
Selye's term for the three-stage response of the body to persistent or intense stress
alarm reaction
first stage of the general adaptation syndrome, involving mobilization of the body's resurces to cope with an immediate stressor
fight or flight response
the body's built in alarm system that allows it to quickly mobilize its resources to either fight or flee when faced with a threatening stressor.
resistance stage
the second stage of the general adaptation syndrome, characterized by the body's attempt to adjust or adapt to persistent stress
exhaustion stage
the third stage of the general adaptation syndrome characterized by depletion of bodily resources and a lowered resistance to stress-related disorders or conditions.
corticotrophin-releasing hormone
a hormone relased by the hypthalamus that induces the pituitary gland to release adrenocorticotrophic hormone.
adrenocorticotrophic hormone
pituitary hormone that activates the adrenal cortex to release corticosteroids
adrenal glands
a pair of endocrine glands just above the kidneys that produce various stess related hormones.
adrenal cortex
outer layer of the adrenal gland that secrets corticosteroids.
corticosteriods
adrenal hormones that increase the body's resistance to stress by increasing the availabilty of stored nutirents to meet the increased engery demands of coping with stressful events.
adrenal medulla
Inner section (medulla) of each adrenal gland; secretes epinephrine and norepinephrine
immune system
the body's system of defense against disease
lymphocytes
white blood cells that protect the body against disease-causing organism.
antigens
substances such as bacteria and viruses that are recognized by the immune system as foriegn to the body and that induce it to produce antibodies to defend against them.
antibodies
Specialized proteins that aid in destroying infectious agents
vaccination
injection of a weakened or mild form of a pathogen to produce immunity withou causing a full blown infection.
psychological hardiness
cluster of traits [commitment, openness to challenge, internal locus of control] that may buffer the effects of stress
burnout
A state of physical and mental exhaustion caused by excessive stress relating to work or other commitments.