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Apologia Science Zoology 1 Lesson 1

STUDY
PLAY
zoology
the scientific study of animals
Hebrew
A Semitic language spoken by the Jewish people up until the Babylonian captivity. Nearly all the OT was written in Hebrew.
owph
Hebrew word for flying creature
zoologist
person who studies animals
taxonomy
The science of describing, naming, and classifying organisms.
Lepidoptera
"scaled wings" - butterflies
species
group of organisms so similar to one another that they can breed and produce fertile offspring
kingdom
First and largest category used to classify organisms
Kingdom Animalia
kingdom comprising all living or extinct animals
phylum
the taxonomic group below kingdom and above class
Chordata
The phylum of the animal kingdom that includes vertebrates
vertebrates
animals that have a backbone
invertebrates
animals that do NOT have a backbone
Arthropoda
the phylum to which jointed-legged invertebrates belong, including insects, arachnids and crustaceans
Annelida
the phylum to which segmented worms belong
classes
the third-highest taxonomical category, below phylum but above order
Aves
class of birds
Mammalia
chordates; warm blooded, 4 chambered heart, hair and produce milk to feed young
order
the taxonomic category below the class and above the family
Arachnida
a large class of arthropods including spiders and ticks and scorpions and daddy longlegs; EIGHT LEGS
Insecta
Class of Arthropoda. 3 pair legs, 3 body parts. Up to 2 pair wings.Ex. Bees, Flies, Butterflies.
family
the taxonomic category below the order and above the genus
Latin
language used in naming organisms
binomial nomenclature
the system for naming organisms in which each organism is given a unique, two-part scientific name indicating its genus and species
Order of classification of living things
Kingdom, phylum, class, order, family, genus, and species.
"Kings Play Chess On Fine Glass Sets."
lift
The difference in pressure between the upper and lower surfaces of a bird's wings that produces an upward force that causes the bird to rise
drag
The opposite force exerted on a moving body by a fluid such as air or water.
air pressure
the force air puts on objects.
airfoil
surface, such as a bird's wing, whose shape moves air faster over the top than underneath it, allowing for flight
thrust
upward pushing force, which is greater than the downward pull of gravity, resulting in an upward direction
aerodynamic
When an object travels through the air without much drag, it is called Aerodynamic.
variables
the different factors that can change in an experiment
average
the quantity found by dividing the sum of all the quantities by the number of quantities
habitat
natural areas where certain kinds of plants and animals live and grow
biome
a large region characterized by a specific type of climate and certain types of plant and animal communities
camouflaged
The ability to blend into a particular habitat so as to be invisible.
instinct
a behavior that an animal is born with and does not need to learn
fossil
the preserved remains or traces of an organism that lived in the past.
extinct
describes a type of organism that no longer exists anywhere on Earth
endangered species
A species in danger of becoming extinct in the near future.
Carolus "Carl" Linnaeus
father of taxonomy, classes of Genus and Species
Daniel Bernoulli
Scientist. 1700's. Experimented and determined some basic principles of lift and drag.

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