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175 terms

skin test

test over skin question and answer
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squamous cell
a type of epithelial cell in the epidermis is a
dermis
middle layer of skin
keratin
a hard protein material found in the epidermis
collagen
structural protein found in skin and connective tissue
dry
xer/o means
subungual
pertaining to under a nail
skin
cutane/o
albinism
absence of pigment in skin
paronychia
inflammation of the soft tissue around a nail
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
trichomycosis
fungal infection
steatoma
fatty mass within a sebaceous gland
hive
a wheal
large blisters
bullae
small abscess
pustule
pruritus
itching
thickened scar
keloid
systemic lupus erthematosus (SLE)
inflammatory disease of the joints and collagen of the skin affect other organs of the body
dysplastic nevi
moles that can develop into mallignant melanoma
decubitus ulcer
bed sore; break in continuity of skin
psoriasis
chronic recurrent dermatosis with silvery gray scales covering red patches in skin
tinea
a dermatomycosis
leukoplakia
white patches on a mucous membrane of tongue or cheek
scleroderma
connective tissue in the skin hardens
mohs surgery
layers of growth are removed and examined microscopically
lipocyte
a fat cell is a
lunula
the half-moon shaped white area at the base of a nail is called the
collagen
a structural protein found in skin and connective tissue is
melanin
a black pigment found in the epidermis is
basal layer
the deepest region of the epidermis is the
stratum corneum
the outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of flattened keratinized cells is the
sebum
an oily substance secreted by sebaceous gland is
dermis
the middle layer of the skin is the corium or
keratin
a hard protein material found in epidermis hair and nails is
cuticle
a band of epidermis at the base and side of the nail plate is the
epidermis
the outermost layer of skin
diaphoresis
profuse sweating
seborrhea
excessive secretion from sebaceous glands
paronychia
inglammation and swelling of soft tissue around a nail
dermatophytosis or dermatomycosis (tinea)
fungal infection of the skin
causalgia
burning sensation (pain) in the skin
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of the skin
subcutaneous
pertaining to under the skin
anhidrosis
abnormal condition of lack of sweat
keratosis
abnormal condition of proliferation of keratinized cells
ichthyosis
abnormal condition of dry scall skin
epidermolysis
loosening of the epidermis
xanthoma
yellow tumor (nodule under the skin)
subungual
under the nail
onychomycosis
abnormal condition of nail fungus
vesicle
circumscribed collection of clear fluid (blister)
wheal
smooth slightly elevated edematous are (hive)
macule
discolored flat lesion (freckle)
fissure
groove or crack like sore
polyp
muschroom like growth extending from the surface of a mucous membrane
pustule
circumscribed collection of pus
cyst
closed sac containing fluid or semi solid material
ulcer
open sore or erosion of skin
papule
solid elevation of the skin (pimple)
nodule
larger than 1 cm solid elevation of the skin
alopecia
baldness
ecchymosis
itching
pruritus
blackhead
urticaria
purplish macular patch
comedo
loss of pigment in the skin
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages
scabies
contagious parasitic infection with intese pruritus
leukoplakia
while patches on mucous membrane of tongue or cheek
exanthematous
characterized by a rash
nevus
colored pigmentation of the skin (mole)
urticaria
acute allergic reaction in which hives develop
bullae
large blisters
keloid
raised thickened scar
pilonidalcyst
sac of fluid and hair over the sacral region of the back
varicella
chickenpox
acne
build up of sebum and keratin in pores of the skin leading to papular and pustular eruptions
tinea
fungal skin infection
scleroderma
chronic hardening and shrinking of connective tissue
decubitus ulcer
bedsore
gangrene
necrosis of skin tissue resulting from ischemia
impetigo
contagious infectious pyoderma
psoriasis
chronic recurrent dermatosis marked by silvery gray scales covering red patches on the skin
malignant melanoma
cancerous tumor composed of melanocytes
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
widespread inflammatorydisease of joints and collagen of the skin with butterfly rash on the face
eczema
chronic or acute inflammatory skin disease with erythematous pustular or papular lesions
scratch test and patch test
two skin tests for aller are
punch biopsy
a surgical procedure to core out a disk of skin for microscopic analysis is a
mohs surgery
the procedure in which thin layers of malignant growth are removed and each is microscopically analyzed is
dyplastic nevi
moles that do not form properly and may progress to form melanomas are called
cryosurgery
destruction of tissue by intensely cold temperatures is called
lipoma
tumor of fatty tissue
lunula
half moon shaped white area at the base of a nail
albinism
condition of absence of pigment in the skin
melanin
pgment that gives the skin color
cuticle
band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
causalgia
intensely unpleasent burning sensation in skin
dermabrasion
scraping away of skin to remove tattoos or fine wrinkles
erythematosus
pertaining to redness of the skin
anhidrosis
condition of absence of sweating
onycholysis
seperation of the nail plate from the nail bed
alopecia
baldness
leukoplakia
condition of white plaques on the tongue or cheek
seborrheic dermatitis
inflammation of skin with yellow or browngray greasy scales (dandruff)
sunungual
pertaining to under a nail
paronychia
inflammation and swellin of the soft tissue around the nail
xeroderma
dry skin
pilosebaceous
pertaining to hair and glands that secrete sebum
keratosis
abnormal condition of thickened area of the epidermis
dermatomycosis
abnormal condition of a fungal infection of the skin
collagen
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
tinea
infection of the skin caused by fungus
callus
increased growth of cells in the horny layer of the epidermis
keloid
hypertrophied thickened scar tt occures after trauma or surgical incision
cicatrix
normal scar left by a healed wound
impetigo
bacterial inflammatory skin disease a contagious pyoderma
acne
papular and pustular eruption of the skin comedones occur
psoriasis
chronic recurrent dermatosis marked by itchy scaly red patches covered by silvery gray scales
eczema
inflannatory skin disease with erythematous papulovesicular lesions common allergic reaction in children and adults
vitiligo
loss of pigment in areas of the skin
pruritus
itching
ecchymosis
bluish black marks on the skin caused by hemorrages into the skin
purpura
large areas of bleeding under the skin
gangrene
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
papule
a small solid elevation of the skin (pimple)
wheal
a smooth slightly elevated edematous area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
scabies urticaria
an acute allergic reaction of the skin withhives and itching
decubitus ulcer
bedsore
basal cell sarcoma
malignant tumor of cells in the epidermal layer of the skin
rubella
an exanthematous viral disease german measles
bullae
large vesicles
collagen
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
dermis
middle layer of the skin
epithelium
layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
hair follicle
sac within which each hair grows
albino
person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)
cuticle
band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
eccrine sweat glands
most numerous of sweat-producing glands in the skin
basal layer
deepest region of the epidermis it gives rise to all the epidermal cells
apocrine sweat glands
large dermal exocrine gland located in axilla and genitals
epidermis
outermost layer of the skin
lipocyte
fat cell
pore
tiny opening on the surface of the skin
sebum
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
lunula
half moon shaped white area at the base of a nail
paronychium
soft tissue surrounding the nail border
stratified
arranged in layers
squamous epithelium
flat scal like cells composing the epidermis
melanin
major skin pigment
keratin
hard protein material found in the epidermis hair and nails
subcutaneous layer
innermost layer of the skin containing fatty tissue
integumentary system
the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
stratum corneum
outermost layer of the epidermis consisting of flatteded keratinized cells
sebaceous gland
oil secreting gland in the dermis associated with hair follicles
paronychia
inflammation around fingernail or toenail
pilosebaceous
pertaining to under hair
subungual
pertaining to under the nail
xanthoma
yellowish benign tumor o skin
dermatophytosis
athletes foot ringworm
wheal
individual hive
verruca
warts
callus
markedly thickened scar
keratosis
overgrowth of horny layers
tinea
fungal infection of skin
crust (scab)
dried serum and cellular debris
cyst
fluid or semisolid filled sac
erosion
wearing away loss of epidermis
fissure
slit, groove
macule
discolored, flat
nodule
solid, elevated mass,more than 1 cm
papule
small, solid elevation
polyp
growth
pustule
pus filled
ulcer
open sore, erosion
vesicle
clear fluid, blister
wheal
smooth, slightly elevated, edema