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How does the party structure in Texas affect interest group power and influence?
The weakened structure of party competitiveness strengthens interest group influence.
Which of the following is an example of a public interest group?
National Organization for Women
American Civil Liberties Union
Mothers Against Drunk Driving
When a state agency becomes controlled by its constituency interest group, it is referred to as
The responsibility of the Texas Ethics Commission is to enforce laws relating to
Registration for certain interest groups
Which of the following statements best describes collective bargaining?
Collective bargaining is the process of negotiation between an employer and a group of employees so as to determine the conditions of employment
An activity in which an interest group engages in order to influence the outcome of an election is known as
What is the primary goal of lobbying?
Influencing members of the legislature
A(n) _________ ________ is an organization of individuals who share common goals and tries to influence governmental decisions.
Who or what can be a part of membership organizations?
The term "capture" refers to the situation in which an interest group forms a very close relationship with
A state agency
Most states have laws regulating what activity by interest groups?
Making financial contributions to political campaigns
Which of the following is not a professional association?
The Good Roads Association
The Texas __________ ________ enforces rules regulating interest groups and political candidates in Texas.
Public interest groups represent
Causes or ideas
In Texas, which of the following has been heavily influenced by fundamentalist Christian groups?
Texas State Board of Education
Strong antiunion feelings are a reflection of Texas's __________ political culture.
The process in which interest groups, the state agency, and the legislative committee create policy is known as the
Texas has a __________ government structure because power is dispersed to many state agencies with little or no central control.
Which of the following is the primary goal of most state and local interest groups?
Protecting local interests from state activities
Which groups represent African-American interests?
How has the interest group tactic of entertaining legislators changed over the years?
There is far less provision of entertainment, food, and bribes, but it is still a key part of the process
Which of the following are tools used by interest groups in electioneering?
Staging candidate fundraisers
Promising financial support for elections
Which of the following statements best summarizes the control the governor of Texas enjoys over state agencies?
The governor makes few significant appointments to state agencies and therefore possesses minimal control over policy decisions
The Good Roads Association is an example of a(n) ___________ __________ because it represents the specific business interests of highway contractors.
Which of the following is an example of a peak business organization?
Texas Association of Manufacturers
State licensing boards spent most of their time
Limiting the number of people that can be licensed
Creating favorable rules for members of their profession
What is the primary goal of retail trade associations?
Protecting their trades from undesirable state regulation
Because individuals may benefit from the work of interest groups whether or not they participate in the groups' activities, some groups have difficulty recruiting members due the ________ _______ problem.
How does compensation for legislative staff in Texas compare to that of other states?
The Texas legislature provides more money for staff salaries than any other state
Activity in Texas state policies by Hispanic Catholics is motivated by concerns about.
Which of the following is not an example of a state and local interest group?
State Board of Education
The Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission ruling ______ the role of PACs in elections.
The interests of state and federal agencies are represented by
Requiring to register with the Federal Election Commission at the time they are formed _________ ________ committees raise and contribute money to the campaigns of candidates that promote their interests.
Peak business organizations focus on which of the following goals?
Opposing legislation that would not foster a "good business climate" in Texas
Which of the following is a regulation that affects Texas PACs?
PACs are required to designate a campaign treasurer
PACs cannot contribute to candidates during a window that begins 30 days prior to the legislative session and ends 30 days after the session ends
PACs must create complete reports identifying every donor who contributed at least $50 to the campaign
The Texas Automobile Association seeks to protect and promote the interests of its member businesses that are involved in the sales of goods and service and thus is an example of a
Retail trade association
What problem primarily keeps the Texas Ethics Commission from being effective?
Lack of resources
Who among the following are not required by the Texas Ethics Commission to register as lobbyists?
Owners and employees of news media outlets
Government officials who lobby for state agencies or universities
In Texas, how are public sector employee organizations classified, due to their inability to engage in collective bargaining?
According to right-to-work laws,
A person cannot be denied employment based on membership or non-membership in a labor organization
Which of the following is an example of a government organization?
How does a well-compensated, professional legislative staff reduce the influence of interest groups?
The staff provides most of the research for legislators, who rely less on interest group research
How does the Constitution deal with the issue of interest groups?
Interest groups are protected by the First Amendment to the Constitution
Most lobbying efforts are concentrated
Every two years during the legislative session
Which of the following is an example of the influence of religious interest groups in Texas?
Eleven "dry" counties
Which of the following are prohibited by the Texas law from making campaign contributions to candidates for statewide legislative office?
Which of the following is an example of a group that cannot draw strength from geographic distribution?
Commercial shrimp fishermen
In terms of leadership and organization, the Texas Municipal League draws strength from tis
Strong, proactive legislative committee
Quick adoption of stands on key legislative items
The Texas Farmers Union represents which segment of the Texas agricultural industry?
Family farms and ranches
In-house lobbyists are employees of which of the following?
Businesses or association
Which type of interest group has little power in Texas compared to many other states?
How does economic diversity affect interest group power in Texas?
The diversified economy has increased the number of interest groups, thus diluting the groups' power
Several members of which type of interest group have developed a reputation for producing quality research and information for the Texas legislature?
What is the primary reason that geographic distribution positively affects the power of interest groups?
It allows groups to command the interest of more legislators
A group that seeks economic and political equality for those that they represent would be considered a _________ organization.
Which type of lobbyist constitutes 40-50 percent of all lobbyists in Texas?
Which statement best describes economic activity in Texas?
The Texas economy is highly diversified, with a strong presence in several industries
An "astroturf organization" is one that lacks
A grassroots organization
Which of the following is an example of a specialized education association?
Texas High School Coaches Association
How do interest groups try to directly influence government agencies' enforcement of public policy one it has become law?
Securing the appointments to boards and commissions of people who favor the interest group
How has PAC influence affected candidates' party loyalty?
PACs have decreased loyalty to parties since they finance races and help candidates much like parties do
Which Texas teacher association enjoys a strong relationship with the Texas Republican Party?
Association of Texas Professional Educators
More Texas interest groups fit which category or profile than any other?
Interest groups that represent a single company
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